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Dictionaries, Maps, Atlas and Tools

Linguistics Dictionaries and Glossaries 

Language Dictionaries Meta-Sites

Maps and Atlas



Linguistics Dictionaries and Glossaries

  • Lexicon of Linguistics. By OTS in Utrecht, Netherlands. A comprehensive and detailed on-line dictionary of linguistic terminology by Utrecht Institute of Linguistics (OTS). Entries contain hypertext cross-listings and bibliographic sources.

  • French/English glossary of linguistic terms. Database by Thomas Bearth and Charles Fennig, for SIL International. The glossary contains 7,833 French linguistic terms and 8,052 English linguistic terms. As a glossary, it does not define the terms but simply gives the equivalent(s) in the other language.

  • Linguistics glossary. Based on: V.J. Cook (1997) Inside Language, Arnold & V.J. Cook (2004) The English Writing System.


Language Dictionaries Meta-Sites

  • Alldictionaries.com. A comprehensive dictionary index, which searches  dictionaries by language or subject. You can also find translation tools.

  • alphaDictionary.com. Language resource with grammars, dictionaries (more than 300 languages), articles on various aspects of language.

  • CALL4All: World CALL Directory. A portal that integrates and gives access to online dictionaries, encyclopedias, language learning links and teaching activities for over 100 major languages as well as to thousands of language pairs.

  • Cambridge dictionaries online. Five English-English learner's dictionaries at one site (Advanced Learner's, Learner's, American, Idioms, Phrasal Verbs).

  • Dictionaries, glossaries and lexicons on-line. A large list of dictionaries accessible through Internet, edited by the Translation and Interpretation Department of the University of Geneva. The dictionaries are ordered in five categories: the Acronym, the Bilingual, the Multilingual, and Monolingual dictionaries form the first four categories. The fifth one consists of downloadable dictionaries whether free or not.

  • Dictionary.com. A great database that provides reliable, free online access to thousands of English definitions, synonyms, spelling, audio pronunciations, example sentences, and translations.                      

  • DictionaryLink.com. Free  online  dictionaries. Thesaurus, language  translators, encyclopedias, crossword  solvers, quotes  and  other  language  resources.

  • Dicts.info. www.dicts.info's  index  page  shows  Flags  and  Links  to  free  Web  Dictionaries  in  about 80 languages.

  • EslAll.com. Directory  of  over 300 online  dictionary  resources. Types  of  listed  dictionaries (in  alphabetical  order ): abbreviations,  acronyms, business, French-English, general, glossaries, heteronyms, homonyms, multilingual dictionaries, picture (visual) dictionaries, Spanish-English,synonyms and thesauri.

  • Foreignword.com. A site full of resources for translators: DictSearch, the Global Dictionary with over 265 on-line dictionaries and 20 machine translation systems accessible.

  • Iate: InterActive Terminology for Europe. The EU inter-institutional terminology database which incorporates all of the existing terminology databases of the EU’s translation services into a single new, highly interactive and accessible interinstitutional one.

  • LinguistList Dictionaries. A list with more than 300 links indexed by "Bilingual and Multilingual Dictionaries", "Dictionary Meta Sites", "Monolingual Dictionaries and Lexicons". A search engine is available for searches by subject, linguistic subfield, language family.

  • Logos dictionary. A large multilingual online dictionary provided by Logos Group, a European translation company. It contains over 8 million terms in over 200 languages (including Paduan, Venetian).

  • Onelook.com. Meta-search dictionary tapping hundreds of general and highly specialized reference sources. A comprehensive index of over 14.952.061 words in 1047 dictionaries (March 2010). Contains a database search that allows you to find a word contained in any of the dictionaries.

  • ReversoDictionaryFree Online Bilingual Collins Dictionaries, including English definitions, French, German, Spanish, Chinese, Russian, Italian, Portuguese translations and more. Over 2 million translations, user-friendly interface time.


 Maps, Atlas

  • Atlas of Pidgin and Creole Language Structures (APiCS). Edited by Susanne Michaelis, Philippe Maurer, Magnus Huber, and Martin Haspelmath. His goal is to gather comparable synchronic data on the grammatical and lexical structures of a large number of pidgin and creole languages.

  • LLOW Languages of the world database. It has the purpose to offer an extensive description of all languages of the world on the basis of linguistic-genetic (language families, clusters, ...) and sociolinguistic (status as official language, minority language, ...) criteria as well as social, geopolitical and geographical parameters (number of speakers, geographical extension, ...). In addition to this literature references, will be offered internet-links, short texts on the individual language families and groups as well as text and audio samples of individual languages.

  • World Language Phyla/Family Mapping. Detailed maps showing distribution of the world's languages by Stephen Huffman (Georgetown University). Huffman classified the languages of the Ethnologue into broader groupings following Merritt Ruhlen's A Guide to the World's Languages and produced as series of maps of language phyla and families. PDF versions of the maps available for download.



  • Glottopedia. A freely editable encyclopedia for linguists by linguists that is currently being built up. It will contain dictionary articles on all technical terms of linguistics and is multilingual. In addition, there are survey articles, biographical articles and language articles, potentially on all linguists and all languages.

  • Glottolog/Langdoc. It is a comprehensive knowledge base of 104k languoids and 175k references for the Semantic Web. This site provides comprehensive bibliographical and other reference information for the world's languages, especially the lesser known languages. Information about the different languages, dialects, and families of the world ('languoids') is available in the Glottolog section. The Langdoc section contains bibliographical information.

  • Linguistic Data Consortium. An open consortium of universities, companies and government research laboratories. It creates, collects and distributes speech and text databases, lexicons, and other resources for linguistics research and development purposes. The LDC's Catalog contains hundreds of corpora of language data, searcheable by type and source, year, language, etc.

  • Omniglot. A guide to the writing systems and languages of the world. It also contains tips on learning languages, language-related articles, quite a large collection of useful phrases in many languages, multilingual texts, a multilingual book store and an ever-growing collection of links to language-related resources.

  • UCLA Language Materials Projects: CAL Database. A database of resources for less commonly taught languages produced by the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL). The CAL database covers approximately 900 languages, giving short citations for teaching materials published before 1987. Its resources are complementary to those of the Language Materials Project.

  • The World Atlas of Language Structures Online (WALSO). A joint project of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the Max Planck Digital Library, is a large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars). WALS consists of 141 maps with accompanying texts on diverse features (such as vowel inventory size, noun-genitive order, passive constructions, and "hand"/"arm" polysemy). Each map shows between 120 and 1370 languages, each language being represented by a symbol, and different symbols showing different values of the feature. Altogether 2,650 languages are shown on the maps, and more than 58,000 datapoints give information on features in particular languages.

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Last update: 20/06/2012 da Biblioteca di Area Linguistica