Working in research

Career opportunities

Supporting Principal INvestigators

Call for proposal aimed to fund researchers at any stage of their career who intend to submit an individual or collaborative project proposal in all scientific fields available at Ca’ Foscari.

SPIN - Supporting Principal INvestigators 

PhD Degrees

Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, with the coordination of the PhD Office, offers specific training and research tracks in economics, linguistics, sciences and humanities.

PhD programmes 

Short Term Research Fellowships

It is a tool for young graduates interested in academics that involves them in a short-term training period (usually not longer than 12 months) in projects and research groups.

Short-term research fellowships 

Research Grants

The grants are awarded to Master’s Degree graduates or PhDs with an academic and professional curriculum that enables them to perform specific research programmes designed by the University or submitted by the candidates.

Research grants 

Researchers and professors

Ca’ Foscari University of Venice retains the best talents, notably through selective procedures that comprise facilitations for the international candidates and privilege candidates with international experience.

Work with us 


An academic career path in Italy

The main Italian academic positions are:

  1. PhD student  (Dottorando)
  2. Research fellow (Borsista di Ricerca)
  3. Research grant holder (Assegnista)
  4. Non-tenured assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera a” - RTDa)
  5. Tenure-track assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera b” – RTDb)
  6. Associate Professor (Professore Associato)
  7. Full Professor (Professore Ordinario)

Normally, academic careers in Italy start with a PhD programme (corso di dottorato/dottorato di ricerca) and the award of a PhD degree (titolo di dottorato).

A PhD can apply for a research grant (Assegno) or for the position of non-tenured assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera a” - RTDa) or, under certain conditions, tenure-track assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera b” – RTDb). The most common path after a PhD is obtaining a position as non-tenured assistant professor and then a tenure-track assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera b” – RTDb).

To become associate professor or full professor (which is the highest academic qualification) one needs to obtain the national scientific habilitation (abilitazione nazionale) and to pass a selection process (concorso) in a University.

Average salaries increase with career advancements: from the PhD to the Full professor position, the salary increases of about 5 times. Salaries of Italian Full Professors are reckoned as high-level ones, even compared to US academic salaries.

There are also other paths that can be followed (and other positions), but this short description aims to sum up the most widespread academic career in Italy.

1. PhD Student (Dottorando)

PhD programmes provide students with the highest level of academic title, the PhD degree.

In order to be admitted, candidates must hold a postgraduate degree (or equivalent); furthermore, their profile must be evaluated on the basis of their qualifications and an examination. Every year, universities establish the number of positions and scholarships, deadlines for applications, examination and enrolment procedures, specifying them in their open calls.

PhDs normally take three to four years; each PhD student is supported by a Supervisor, who is a high-level professional: in this way an effective transfer of knowledge is implemented, as well as an embedding in the supervisor’s network among the international scientific community.

Research activities cover at least two-thirds of the three-year commitment; at the end of the programme, the discussion of a dissertation is foreseen. The average salary per year is 12.500,00€ (after taxes).

Information: PhD programmes and application procedures

2. Research fellow (Borsista di Ricerca)

Short-term Research Fellowships are aimed at recruiting staff interested in participating in research groups or research projects, and they can be funded by external public or private sources, different from the University. They are open to postgraduate researchers: the minimum requirement is a Bachelor’s degree, but it can be also a Master’s degree according to the level of research activities to be carried out.

The selection process is based on the assessment of the applicants' qualifications and can include an interview, according to the procedures defined by the institution that publishes the call. Usually, Research Fellowships’ maximum length is 12 months. The maximum salary per year may be 19.367 € (after taxes); the amount may vary depending on the above-mentioned external public or private funding available.

Information: Research fellowships - open vacancies

3. Research grant holder (Assegnista)

The research grant holder is usually a PhD or postgraduate researcher with a good scientific and professional experience, who is actively involved in research activities. Anyway, for some research grants, the second-level degree is the only qualification required.

The research grant (assegno di ricerca) is awarded through a public selection, usually by qualifications and interview, and its average duration is between 1 and 3 years, with a maximum limit established by law in 6 years. Every university can establish the number of positions and grants, deadlines for applications and examination process, specifying them in the calls.

The minimum salary per year of a research grant holder is 17.200€ after taxes.

Information: Research grants - open vacancies

In some specific cases, such as researchers awarded with international individual grants (i.e. Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships), their contract as ‘assegnista di ricerca’ will be provided by the University without any previous comparative selection. In this case, and in some specific cases in the frame of international projects, the amount of the fellowship is significantly higher than the above-mentioned one.

4. Non-tenured assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera a” - RTDa)

To become a non-tenured assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera a” - RTDa) one must pass an open competition. The non-tenured assistant professor draws up a three-year contract, which may be extended for two years only once, after the successful evaluation of the teaching and research activities carried out.

This position is open to candidates holding a Doctoral Degree or equivalent, as well as any additional requirements defined in the University Regulations of the scientific sectors concerned.

The average net salary per month is about € 1.840 (for 13 months); this amount may vary on the basis of different criteria, such as insurance costs, family benefits, place of residency, etc. In case the non-tenured assistant professor takes advantage from the tax benefits (see dedicated section), the average net salary per month is about € 2.400 (for 13 months).

Full-time non-tenured assistant professors’ workload should not exceed 350 hours per year; their main activity is independent scientific research and their duties also include teaching assignments.

Information: Non-tenured assistant professors – open vacancies

5. Tenure track assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera b” - RTDb)

To become a tenure track assistant professor (Ricercatore “lettera b” - RTDb) one must pass an open competition. The tenure track assistant professor draws up a three-year non-renewable contract, reserved for candidates who have already been awarded non-tenured assistant professorship contracts (Ricercatore “lettera a” - RTDa), or, under certain conditions, research grants (assegno) or equivalent fellowships.

This position is open to candidates holding a Doctoral Degree or equivalent, as well as any additional requirements defined in the University Regulations of the scientific sectors concerned.

The average net salary per month is about € 2.116 (for 13 months). In case the tenure track assistant professor takes advantage from the tax benefits (see dedicated section), the average net salary per month is about € 2.877 (for 13 months).

These amounts may be increased up to 10% and may vary on the basis of different criteria, such as insurance costs, family benefits, place of residency, etc.

Tenure track assistant professors who obtain the national scientific qualification (see dedicated section), will be evaluated by the University that hired them in the third year of their contract. In case of positive evaluation, they will be upgraded to the role of Associate Professor.

Full-time non-tenured assistant professors’ workload should not exceed 350 hours per year; their main activity is independent scientific research and their duties also include teaching assignments.

Information: Tenure track assistant professors – open vacancies

6. Associate Professor (Professore Associato)

To become Associate Professor, one needs to pass the National Scientific Qualification (see dedicated section); afterwards, he/she must be selected by a University through a public selection process where a committee makes a comparative assessment on the basis of scientific publications, academic CV and teaching experience. After that, the winner is nominated Associate Professor.

Three years after the role assignment, Associate Professors must pass a “confirmation judgement”, expressed by a committee nominated by the Ministry of Education, University and Research. It is not necessary (even if it is quite important) to have been a non-tenured and/or tenure track assistant professor to become Associate Professor.

The workload of an Associate Professor is fixed by the law and consists in not less than 350 hours per year, of which 120 are devoted to teaching activity.

An Associate Professor has the same teaching and research duties as a Full Professor, but cannot access roles such as Rector or Head of Department (except for particular cases).

The average net salary of an Associate Professor is about € 2.480 (for 13 months). This amount corresponds to the lowest economic level, called "classe" (0 out of 11); for each level the monthly net salary increases of nearly 10%. In case the associate professor takes advantage from the tax benefits (see dedicated section), the average net salary per month is about € 3.500 (for 13 months, calculated for the lowest class – 0 out of 12).

Amounts may vary depending on different criteria, such as insurance costs, family benefits, place of residence, etc. Salaries increase automatically every three years.

Information: Associate Professors - vacancies

7. Full Professor (Professore Ordinario)

To become Full Professor, one needs to pass the National Scientific Qualification (see dedicated section); afterwards, he/she must be selected by a University through a public selection process where a committee makes a comparative assessment on the basis of scientific publications, academic CV and teaching experience.

Every three years Full Professors must present a report to the Department where he/she works. The workload of a Full Professor is fixed by the law and consists in not less than 350 hours per year, of which 120 are devoted to teaching activity.

The average net salary of a Full Professor is about € 3.350 (for 13 months). This amount corresponds to the lowest economic level, called "classe" (0 out of 11); for each level the monthly net salary increases of nearly 10%. In case the associate professor takes advantage from the tax benefits (see dedicated section), the average net salary per month is about € 4.980 (for 13 months, calculated for the lowest class – 0 out of 11).

Amounts may vary depending on different criteria, such as insurance costs, family benefits, place of residence, etc. Salaries increase automatically every three years.

Information: Full Professors - Vacancies

Insights

National Scientific Qualification (Abilitazione Scientifica Nazionale - ASN)

From 2012 onwards, academics, scientists and scholar can enter or be promoted to Associate Professor or Full Professor through a specific procedure: the National Scientific Qualification. It implies a nationwide selection to obtain an official qualification called “abilitazione”, without which it is not possible to access to the highest academic positions.

Yearly official calls ("concorsi nazionali") are issued by the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR) for various academic recruitment fields (“raggruppamenti concorsuali”), and are open for 4 months. Applications are examined by committees composed by experienced Full Professors. The Qualification is valid for 4 years.

Tax benefits

Professors and researchers who have carried out their activities abroad for at least two consecutive years and who move to Italy (acquiring tax residency), are entitled to significant tax benefits. In detail, they can benefit from the exemption from payment of personal income tax on 90% of the income received by the Italian university employing them, if they are hired with the role of "Professore" or "Ricercatore".

Benefits are applied to the tax period when the researcher becomes "tax resident" in Italy and in the following three tax years, provided that he/she remains a tax resident in Italy.


Open expressions of interest

International recruiting is aimed to enhance our research output and international standing, to promote collaborative actions among groups and individuals within our faculty and to increase our access to competitive research funding.

Candidates with a strong research commitment, an outstanding portfolio of international publications and a proven teaching record in their academic field can express their interest in working with us by  contacting one of our  Departments, or by applying  to specific calls.

Eligible applicants must have been employed as permanent faculty members or research staff by a foreign university or research institute for at least three consecutive years by the time of the proposal.

Complying with the current Italian legislation, Ca’ Foscari University must await the final approval by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research to complete the hiring process.

For the positions of Associate and Full Professor, the starting economic level ("classe") can be negotiated before the recruitment.

Information: International recruitment