GERMAN PHILOSOPHY OF MODERNITY

Academic year
2019/2020 Syllabus of previous years
Official course title
DEUTSCHE PHILOSOPHIE DER MODERNE
Course code
LM5630 (AF:315041 AR:168854)
Modality
ECTS credits
6
Degree level
Master's Degree Programme (DM270)
Educational sector code
M-FIL/06
Period
2nd Semester
Course year
1
Moodle
Go to Moodle page
The course - entitled "Nietzsche's philosophy and modern literature" - is organically part of the teaching offer of the German course of the LLEAP Master's Degree Course (see above, "Teaching Details"), but can be followed by all interested students who read German and are able to follow the lessons in German.
The course is linked to the course "German Language - Language and Translation" (LM0052) and aims to improve the knowledge and language skills that students acquire there, to contribute to the full achievement of level C2 of the CEFR (Quadro comune europeo di riferimento per la conoscenza delle lingue). It is linked to the same extent and for the same purposes to the teaching of "German literature 1.1". (LM0022), "German literature 1.2". (LM0032) and "German Literature 2" (LM0042), whose content and methodology it aims to continue. In addition, it closely coordinates with the teachings of "History of German Culture 1" (LM1010) and "History of German Culture 2" (LM1020), with which it interacts in order to offer students an articulated discourse on the canon of German and Austrian literature/culture between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Within the framework just outlined, the knowledge to be achieved, and the expected results, are:

1) the in-depth knowledge of the cultural, literary and historical phenomena that are the subject of the course; the development of the necessary skills to understand them (to study and critically understand the content of the lessons, the texts in the program, critical literature in German and English, and any thematic insights) [knowledge and understanding];

2) the ability to apply the knowledge acquired and duly understood (e.g. to be able to present a topic orally, to be able to write and discuss - also in preparation for the master thesis - a short thesis in German, to be able to analyze and comment on a text in Italian or German) [applying knowledge and understanding];

3) the development of independent judgement (e.g. learning to express and justify one's own opinion in a class discussion or as part of a written exercise; being able to identify within the programme points that are difficult to understand and to ask the teacher for an account; being able to propose, on the occasion, an interpretation, a judgement, a thesis as the result of personal critical work) [making judgements];

4) the development of communication skills (e.g. being able to intervene in a class discussion, to ask questions to the teacher, to share one's work with one's classmates, to be able to synthesize and present - orally and in writing - the knowledge acquired) [communication skills];

5) the development of an effective method to consolidate the acquired knowledge and make it usable in the long term [learning skills].

6) Knowledge of some central moments in Nietzsche's thought and its influence on modern literature. Knowledge of some canonical texts of modernity, influenced by Nietzsche's thought. Development of analytical skills in lyrical, narrative, and philosophical texts.

Particular attention will be paid in the course to achieving a level of linguistic knowledge that consolidates the level C 2 (http://www.memorbalia.it/descrittori/dalframeworkeuropeo.pdf ), at least in oral comprehension, reading and writing skills. The reading and linguistic, stylistic and rhetorical commentary of German texts is an integral and fundamental part of the lessons. Through the chosen texts, language lessons and class discussions, the course pursues the objective of increasing and consolidating the type of linguistic knowledge that only reading (and analysis-comment-discussion in language) can give.
The expected learning outcomes are therefore a significant improvement in language knowledge and skills at level C 2.
The exams are designed - of course - to verify the students' acquisition of the contents and methods just described.

A knowledge of the history of the ideas and culture of modern and contemporary Europe, with particular reference to Germany, is desirable. Advanced knowledge of the German language is also desirable.
The aim of the lessons is to investigate the reasons that made Nietzsche's influence on modern literature so varied and widespread. To this end, the lessons will provide an overview of Nietzsche's writings, taking into account the aesthetic and writing practices that are used in these writings from time to time and analyzing the problems of interpretation inevitably posed by reading the texts. Particular attention will be paid to the link, particularly close in Nietzsche, between forms of literary representation and philosophical thought. For this reason Nietzsche will be presented in the first place as a writer, leaving ample space, therefore, to his lyrical poetry and to the literary-philosophical tones of "Also sprach Zarathustra". Starting from this frame, some moments of his influence will be taken into consideration (Benn, Musil, Döblin, Thomas Mann, Rilke). An excursus of Nietzsche's philology and the history of the edition of his texts will also serve to show when the interpretation of his thought is conditioned by philology. Finally, the various interpretative traditions that have developed with regard to Nietzsche's thought will be briefly reviewed, wondering about the possibility of a "ästhetisches Philosophieren".


Schedule:
1. Einführung: Textgrundlagen, Forschung. Wie Nietzsche zu lesen sei /Nietzsches Stile /
2. Philosophie und Philologie /Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik (Lektüre: Hauptteil 1-20), KSA 1
3. Nietzsches Sprachphilosophie / Lektüre: Über Wahrheit und Lüge im aussermoralischen Sinne (KSA 1, S. 876-890)
4. Interpretation und Lektüre von Nietzsches Gedicht: „Es geht ein Wandrer durch die Nacht“ (KSA 8, S.302f.)
5. Die unzeitgemässen Betrachtungen 1 (David Friedrich Strauss – Lektüre ausgewählter Abschnitte)
6. Die unzeitgemässen Betrachtungen (Lektüre: Vom Nutzen und Nachteil der Historie für das Leben, KSA 1, S. 243-334)
7. Menschliches Allzumenschliches I (Lektüre: 1. Hauptstück, KSA 2, S. 23-55 + Schluss vom 4. Hauptstück, KSA 2, S. 180-186 // Menschliches, Allzumenschliches II: „Vom Barockstile“, KSA 2, S. 436f.)
8. Morgenröthe; Idyllen aus Messina; (-> Lektüre: Idyllen aus Messina)
9. Die Fröhliche Wissenschaft (-> Lektüre: Die Fröhliche Wissenschaft: Vorrede + Buch 1 + Lieder des Prinzen Vogelfrei) KSA 3
10. Also sprach Zarathustra (Lektüre: Vorrede und Buch 1 und 2 (KSA 4).
11. Also sprach Zarathustra, Buch 3 und 4, KSA 4) / Jenseits von Gut und Böse (-> Lektüre: Nachgesang. Aus hohen Bergen, KSA 5, S. 241-243) /
12. Der Dialog als philosophische Form / Dionysos-Gespräche
13. Letzte Texte: Auszüge aus: Ecce homo, Götzendämmerung, Der Antichrist (Lektüre: Der Fall Wagner 1-7, KSA 6, S. 13-29.
14. Lektüre: Dionysos-Dithyramben, KSA 6, S. 377-410
15. Nietzsche-Rezeption im Expressionismus
During the lessons, students will be offered basic materials. The sources and some critical texts of particular importance will be made available on the moodle platform in pdf format.
For Nietzsche's texts, please also refer to the online offer: "http://www.nietzschesource.org/" ;.

Reference texts:
Nietzsche, Friedrich: Sämtliche Werke. Kritische Studienausgabe in 15 Bänden, herausgegeben von Giorgio Colli und Mazzino Montinari. München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, Berlin \etc.!
The examination will consist of a) a paper and b) an interview of about 30 minutes. In the remaining time, the reading and comprehension skills of the German texts in the programme will be examined, as well as the knowledge acquired and the analysis and commentary skills developed during the preparation.
In short, the examination test will verify the achievement of the training objectives indicated at the beginning of this sheet.

a) Tesina: A "Hausarbeit" that produces a short presentation during the course (10-15 pages).
b) Oral examination: An interpretation of a short passage from the Nietzsche texts dealt with in class will be requested. From there, we will start with an interview aimed at verifying the knowledge of the themes and texts dealt with during the lessons.

Students are invited to make use of the teacher's consultation hours to verify, during the course of the work, the adequacy of the preparation for the exam.
During the lectures, the development of Nietzsche's philosophy and aesthetics will be presented. During the lessons it will be make use of power point presentations, containing the most significant steps, which will then be made available to students and will form the basis for the preparation of the exam.
The lessons will be held in German; the contents will be repeated and explained until they are clear to all students.
The commentary on the German texts will give great space to linguistic and stylistic analysis.

Very important is the communication between the students and the teacher: students are requested to take into account the consultation hours, during which the teacher can offer explanations and insights, clarify doubts, discuss issues.
Students are also requested to consider the lessons as open places where they can discuss topics of individual and general interest, ask questions and ask for further information. The seminar climate is the most suitable for solid and safe learning.
Students who do not attend constantly are kindly requested to contact the professor. If this is not possible during the consultation hour, students are kindly requested to write to the teacher's institutional mail address (claus.zittel@unive.it).
Students are kindly requested not to use the teacher's internal telephone number and to write to claus.zittel@unive.it instead.
Students are also kindly requested to always check the notices on the teacher's online page, which may contain information on changes in the consultation hour, or on exam calls.
written and oral

This subject deals with topics related to the macro-area "Poverty and inequalities" and contributes to the achievement of one or more goals of U. N. Agenda for Sustainable Development

Definitive programme.
Last update of the programme: 01/10/2019