|Academic year||2019/2020 Syllabus of previous years|
|Official course title||COMUNICARE|
|Course code||NF001C (AF:316507 AR:170110)|
|Educational sector code||M-FIL/05|
|Spazio Moodle||Link allo spazio del corso|
The goals of this course are the following: acquisition of knowledge concerning linguistic and communicative phenomena along with the theories designed to explain them; development of the ability to recognize and analyze a wide range of linguistic and communicative phenomena, with special attention to phenomena of context-dependence and implicit communication; improvement of practical skills in the application of these analytic and creative instruments to diverse fields like ordinary conversation, public debate, advertising and propaganda, scientific discourse, journalistic communication.
The course contributes to the achievement of the Minor’s purposes both by offering sophisticated theoretical tools and by teaching their correct practical application. To this end, the proposed concepts and theories are illustrated not only by means of “handbook” examples, but also by considering “real” cases taken from texts of various origin which have indipendent communicative purposes (fragments of dialogues, newspaper articles, avertisements, scientific essays, etc.). Thanks to this approach, the course aims to stimulate students to a critical attitude towards language, that is, an attitude based on higher awareness of the diverse strategies used by the agents of communication.
1) Knowledges and understanding:
- Understanding and mastering the technical vocabulary currently used in the philosophy of language and related disciplines: word, noun/name, phrase, sentence, utterance, proposition, use, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, meaning, reference, conversation.
- Knowing the basic concepts worked out by semantic and pragmatic theories: truth-conditions, compositionality, context, speech act, distinction between implicit and explicit, distinction between linguistic meaning and speaker’s meaning.
- Acquaintance with the linguistic phenomena that are most relevant to communication theory: deixis, performative utterance, illocutionary force, entailment, presupposition, accommodation, implicature, cooperation, politeness.
- Knowing the main theories that have been proposed to account for the communicative phenomena listed above, with special attention to Austin, Grice, Stalnaker, Kaplan, Leech.
- Familiarity with a method for analyzing linguistic facts that is based on argumentative rigor and the consideration of examples and counterexamples.
2) Ability to apply knowledge and understanding:
- Ability to use the philosophical-linguistic vocabulary in the appropriate way to correctly describe linguistic facts and exposing theories.
- Ability to detect, recognize, and analyze the main semantic and pragmatic phenomena that occur in various kinds of texts having different communicative purposes.
- In particular, students will be able to recognize the presence of implicit messages and make their contents explicit, by providing at the same time a justification of the proposed analysis.
3) Judgment ability:
- Ability to argue in favor or against a certain theoretical hypothesis on the basis of a wide repertoire of examples and counterexamples.
- Ability to evaluate the pros and cons of a certain communicative strategy in terms of rationality, cooperativity, functionality to context, and politeness.
2. Communication and context
2.1. Semantic context and pragmatic context
2.2. Ambiguity and indexicality
3. Saying and doing: communication and social conventions
3.1. The performative dimension of language
3.2. The theory of speech acts
4. Implicit messages
4.1. Entailments: semantics and logic
4.2. Taking for granted: presuppositions
4.3. Implying: conversational implicatures
5.1. Conversational maxims and politeness maxims
5.2. Social distance and face
- F. Domaneschi, "Introduzione alla pragmatica", Carocci, Roma.
- Texts provided in class.
In addition to the textbook, non-attending students are required to study:
- P. GRICE, "Logic and Conversation", in ID., "Studies in the Way of Words", Harvard University Press, 1989, pp. 22-40.
- W.G. LYCAN, "Philosophy of Language: A Contemporary Introduction", Routledge 2000 and ff., limited to the following chapters:
ch. 1. Introduction: meaning and reference
ch. 5. Traditional theories of meaning
ch. 7. Psychological theories: Grice’s program
ch. 11. Semantic pragmatics
ch. 12. Speech acts and illocutionary force
ch. 13. Implicative relations
ch. 14. Metaphor
- J.L. Austin, How to Do Things with Words, Oxford University Press, second ed., 1975.
- C. Bianchi, Pragmatica del linguaggio, Laterza, Roma-Bari.
- C. Bianchi and N. Vassallo (eds.), Filosofia della comunicazione, Laterza, Roma-Bari.
- C. Penco and F. Domaneschi, Come non detto. Usi e abusi dei sottintesi, Laterza, Roma-Bari.
- S. Predelli, Contexts. Meaning, Truth, and the Use of Language, Oxford University Press.
- M. Sbisà (ed.), Gli atti linguistici. Aspetti e problemi di filosofia del linguaggio, Feltrinelli, Milano.
- M. Sbisà, Linguaggio, ragione, interazione. Per una pragmatica degli atti linguistici, Il Mulino, Bologna. New digital edition: EUT Edizioni Università di Trieste, open source: https://www.openstarts.units.it/dspace/bitstream/10077/3390/1/Sbisà_linguaggio_ragione_interazione.pdf
The exam takes up to 120 minutes. During the exam, the use of books, notes, or electronic devices is not allowed.
Use of power point.
Analysis of conversation.