Contribution of the course to the overall degree programme goals
The course is divided into two 30-hour modules each held by the two professors. The contents will be replicated to class 1.
The module 1 (Volpi Ghirardini) is organized in lectures and laboratory experiments. The lectures are intended to introduce some of the main causes of alteration of aquatic systems and to provide a basis for the use of ecological principles, natural processes and components of ecosystems in order to preserve and restore their structure and functioning. The 6 laboratory experiences cover the qualitative and quantitative analysis of populations and/or communities (micro and macroscopic, vegetal and animal), coming from different environments (natural, modified and artificial) both freshwater and marine, as well as the evaluation of responses to stress factors useful for environmental protection and evaluation. the discussion of case studies and the application of animal and vegetable bioindicators useful to the protection and environmental assessment.
Case studies and / or seminars may be also proposed.
Module 2 (Adriano Sfriso) is organized in 6 laboratory experiences preceded by theoretical lessons.
The course aims to provide students with practical knowledge of applied ecology on ecological systems on a multidisciplinary scale by integrating biological, chemical, physical and sedimentological knowledge with statistical applications and processing. The laboratory tests intend to introduce both the main physical-chemical field measurements and the basic biological elements closely related to environmental and climatic variations.
The aim is to learn about the parameters related to the main environmental processes and the interaction between biotic and abiotic elements for environmental quality assessment and environmental management.
he course is divided into two modules of 30 hours each and consists of 6 laboratory tests of 5 hours each, repeated twice.
Each laboratory test is preceded by 1 hour of lesson on the subject covered by the test itself.
In case of telematic lessons due to Coronavirus the course will be held in Google Meet with extensive power points on laboratory tests and all their ecological connections.
Expected learning outcomes
Knowledge and Understanding:
Know the basic principles and processes for the functioning of the natural and modified environment.
Become familiar with analytical techniques / procedures and with small laboratory instruments;
Knowing how to evaluate the meaning and validity of the data collected, the merits and limits of the various ecological analysis techniques.
Knowing how to choose the most suitable procedures for each laboratory operation.
Acquire the ability to rework the concepts presented in class. Knowing how to adequately connect the topics covered.
Understanding simple analytical procedures for determining the most common physico-chemical analyzes and environmental variables.
Acquire the ability to present the topics with appropriate terminology.
The three-year preparatory courses: Biology I, Biology II, Laboratory of biodiversity, Microbiology, Ecology I and the laboratory.
Module 1- Frontal lessons
Modifications of the water cycle. Modifications of water courses and effects on aquatic ecosystems. Ecological principles for the protection and management of water resources.
Ecological principles and methodologies for the protection and rehabilitation of aquatic environments:
- Cycle of organic matter in an aquatic environment and its modifications. Pollution and effects from metabolizable organic substances. Control of metabolizable organic loads, biological purification. Introduction to the microbial ecology of activated sludge.
- Modifications of the N and P cycle. Eutrophication of internal aquatic environments. Protection and remediation strategies for eutrophic water bodies.
Bio-ecological principles and methodologies for environmental protection and assessment:
- Introduction to the principles and methods of ecotoxicology.
- Introduction to bioindication. Classification and requirements for bioindicators and biological indices.
Module 1- Laboratory experiences
1) Freshwater macroinvertebrates: focus on specific groups, adaptations, life cycles, population dynamics.
2) Analysis of a trophic network of debris: trophic and functional groups, density and diversity measurements.
3) Microalgae: the growth of a phytoplankton population and algal density estimates.
4) Responses to toxic substances: the phytotoxicity test with higher plants. Application of ecotoxicological indices.
5) Macrobenthic species as bioindicators: 1) Bivalves: morphometries and application of condition indexes in natural or breeding populations.
6) Macrobenthic species as bioindicators: 2) Polychaetes: morphometries in polychaeta populations used as bioindicators for sediments.
During the course many tests are carried out to determine the most common physico-chemical parameters and nutrients in different environmental matrices (water, sediments, interstitial waters, macrophytes). The aim is to become familiar with the normal equipment and small laboratory instruments by learning the working methods common to all the analytical procedures. Specifically, each laboratory test deals with various topics and at least one practical test.
The six laboratory tests are:
1) Methods for the determination of salinity and dissolved oxygen by titration on some lagoon samples. Furthermore, the ecological role of these environmental parameters is assessed.
2) Determination of a calibration line to determine the phosphorus starting from an anhydrous dihydrogene phosphate salt.
3) Determination of the orthophosphates, ammonia, nitrites, nitrates in the water column with a reference to nitrogen and phosphorus cycles. In practice, the concentrations of the reactive phosphorus and of the nitrites in some samples of lagoon waters is determined by evaluating the trophic status of the examined waters.
4) Determination of the fine fraction (<63μm), humidity, porosity and density in different samples of lagoon sediments to understand their environmental implications. At the same time, interstitial waters for the determination of nutrients are extracted from the same samples, specifically orthophosphates and nitrites.
5) Determination of chlorophylls and phaeopigments in the water column and in the tissues of algae and plants of lagoon or river waters and their ecological significance is evaluated.
6) Determination of total inorganic and organic phosphorus in sediments, particulate matter and plant samples. Specific sediment samples are extracted for the determination of inorganic phosphorus.
Module 1 and 2 - Lecture notes, articles and other educational material will be provided by the teacher
The exam consists of two partial tests, one for each module. The vote of the two tests will be mediated.
Module 1 - Written test and report on some laboratory experiences. Optional or substitute oral exam (DSA, foreign students)
Module 2 - Written test on three laboratory experiences.
Lectures will be held in powerpoint. The laboratory exercises include the analysis of stored samples or biological material in vivo.
The introductory lectures will be held in powerpoint. Laboratory tests will be conducted on fresh water and sediment samples and on samples of dried biological material.
Type of exam
written and oral
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals
This subject deals with topics related to the macro-area "Natural capital and environmental quality" and contributes to the achievement of one or more goals of U. N. Agenda for Sustainable Development
Last update of the programme: 12/03/2021
If you close the banner, only essential cookies will be automatically activated
Ca' Foscari University of Venice, as part of its institutional aims and in fulfillment of the obligations set forth in article 13 of the EU Regulation 2016/679 ("Regulation"), gives you information regarding the processing of personal data collected by cookies and/or similar technologies when you visit the www.unive.it website (“Website”). Cookies are small pieces of information that a website sends to the user’s device where it is automatically stored and then sent back to the same website or to a third party every time that the website is visited using the same device.
In this notice, the term “cookie” will mean cookies as defined above as well as any other similar tracking technology used in the Website.
1. Data Controller
The data controller is Ca' Foscari University of Venice, with headquarters in Dorsoduro n. 3246, 30123 Venice (VE), legally represented by the Rector pro tempore.
2. Data Protection Officer
The University has appointed a "Data Protection Officer" ("DPO"), who can be contacted by writing to the email address: firstname.lastname@example.org or to the following address: Ca' Foscari University, Venice, Data Protection Officer, Dorsoduro n. 3246, 30123 Venice (VE).
3. Types of cookies, data collect, purposes and legal basis
The cookies used on the website are (please refer to the cookie list for specific information on each cookie):
essential cookies: cookies that are necessary to support the login system and the access to the “Personal Area” of the Website as well as to remember users’ cookie preferences. Personal data associated with these cookie is: user’s IP address, date and time of the visit, means of data transfer, requested resource, response, response size in byte, link connected to the user requesting the resource, user’s operating system, browser and device used. The legal basis for this processing activity is represented by art. 6.1.b) (“performance of a service asked by the data subject”) and art. 6.1.e) of the Regulation (“execution of a task of public interest or connected to the exercise of public powers''). Being the University is a public body and it is required to have a website where the users can find useful information on its activities (artt. 53 e 54 D.lgs. n. 82/2005). Is not possible to disable these cookies through the banner, as this action will have a negative effect on your navigation of the Website.
analytics cookies (firs party): cookies that collect aggregated and statistical data on the navigation of the Website aimed at measuring the number of visits for each page of the Websites as well as the performance and the usability of the Website. The analytics cookies used on the Website are set by the University. Personal data associated with these cookies is: User IP, browser language, average visit time, page actions (downloads, outlinks), first visit, last visit, device used, ecc. The legal basis for this processing activity is represented by art. 6.1.e) of the Regulation (“execution of a task of public interest or connected to the exercise of public powers''), as the University aims at collecting statistical data on the visits of its Website pages especially with regards to the pages of “Amministrazione Trasparente”. Is not possible to disable these cookies through the banner, as this action will have a negative effect on your navigation of the Website.
third party cookies (social media): these cookies are set by third parties that collect the data in order to analyze the navigation and the preferences of the users. On the website, there are cookies set by Google namely Google-Youtube that allow users to watch Youtube videos on the Website and the University to measure the performance of its communication campaigns. These cookies are managed by Google and the University only processes anonymous and statistical information collected by them, who act as joint controllers on the basis of the CJEU ruling n. C-210/16 (5 June 2018). The legal basis for this processing activity is represented by art. 6.1.a) of the Regulation (“consent of the data subject''). The first time you land on the Website, a banner pops up asking whether you consent to enable these cookies. If you do not consent or withdraw consent at a later time through the “click here to change your cookie preferences” button, this will have no effect on your navigation.
You can always manage your cookie preferences through the browser setting. If you disable all cookies, please note that some activities on the website will not be possible anymore (i.e. the ones on the pages accessible in the Personal Area). To find out more on how to manage cookies through browser settings, please visit:
The processing of personal data will be carried out by authorized employees (in compliance with Article 29 of the Regulation and art. 2-quaterdecies of D. lgs. 196/2003), with the use of computerized procedures, adopting appropriate technical and organizational measures to protect them from unauthorized or illegal access, destruction, loss of integrity and confidentiality, even if accidental in nature.
5. Data retention
For information on the retention period of each cookie, please refer to the list below.
6. Recipients and categories of recipients of personal data and data transfer outside the European Economic Area
For the purposes set out above, in addition to specifically authorized employees and collaborators of the University, personal data may also be processed by those who execute outsourced activities on behalf of the University in their capacity as data processors (the updated list is available at: https://www.unive.it/pag/36643/).
Personal data collected by third party cookies may be transferred outside the European Economic Area (EEA) in compliance with the provisions of the Regulation.
7. Data subjects rights and how to exercise them
As a data subject, you have the right to obtain from the University, in the cases provided for by the Regulation, the access, the rectification and the erasure of your personal data as well as ask for the limitation of the processing of your personal data or to object to the data processing itself (articles 15 and following of the Regulation). The request can be submitted, without any particular formal procedures, by contacting the Data Protection Officer directly at email@example.com or by sending a communication to the following address: Ca' Foscari University of Venice - Data Protection Officer, Dorsoduro 3246, 30123 Venice. Alternatively, you can contact the Data Controller, by writing a PEC (certified email) to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Data subjects, who believe that the processing of their personal data is in violation of the provisions of the Regulation, have the right to file a complaint with the Data Protection Authority, as provided for by art. 77 of the Regulation, or to take legal action (art. 79 of the Regulation).
Appendix on social media:
In addition to the privacy notice published at: www.unive.it/pag/29567, the University provides you with information on the processing of your personal data collected through its social media pages (Facebook, Instagram). In particular, the University only processes anonymous and statistical information collected by the social media providers, who act as joint controllers on the basis of the CJEU ruling n. C-210/16 (5 June 2018). Moreover, the University informs you that when you leave a comment or a post on its social media pages, it will process your data only to administer your request/comment.
Last updated: 27/07/2022
List of cookies
Last update of the list of cookies: 22/12/2022
They maintain the session data of the SingleSignOn.