1. S. Gasparri - C. La Rocca, Tempi barbarici. L'Europa occidentale tra antichità e medioevo (300-900), Carocci, Roma 2012, pp. 231-313.
2. The following essays (which will be uploaded onto Moodle): S. Gasparri, The First Dukes and the Origins of Venice, in S. Gelichi and S. Gasparri (eds.), Venice and Its Neighbors from the 8th to 11th Century. Through Renovation and Continuity, Brepols, Leiden-Boston 2017, pp. 5-26; G. Albertoni, Law and the peasant: rural society and justice in Carolingian Italy, in Early Medieval Europe, 18/4, 2010, pp. 417-445; M. De Yong, Power and humility in Carolingian society: the public penance of Louis the Pious, in Early Medieval Europe, 1/1, 1992, pp. 29-52.
3. Other articles or chapters indicated during the lessons and the materials (essays and sources) which will be uploaded onto Moodle.
Non-attending students instead of the n. 3 will read:
G. Zornetta, Italia meridionale longobarda. Competizione, conflitto e potere politico a Benevento (secoli VIII-IX), Viella, Roma 2020.
Students who are not able to read Italian well can replace the n. 1 and 2 with
M Constambeys, M. Innes, S. MacLean, The Carolingian World, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2011.