The aim of the course is to develop a comprehensive understanding of the theoretical and practical aspects of digital archaeology, which, taking advantage of the most recent tools and methods, is revolutionizing the study of the past, its communication and management. The course provides a general overview of the methods to identify, investigate, document and analyse archaeological sites and landscapes. The use of state-of-the-art remote sensing technologies to investigate ancient landscapes will be discussed considering geomorphologic variability. Students will learn how to approach the study of the past by combining multiple sources of 2D and 3D data deriving from active and passive remote sensing, historical cartography, photogrammetry, archaeological and geological research. Students will also acquire skills to manage and exploit such kind of data in a GIS (geographical information systems) environment.
1. Introduction to archaeology, archaeological history and theory
2. What is Digital Archaeology ?
3. Geomorphology: basic concepts
4. Remote sensing: an introduction
5. Passive remote sensing (airborne and spaceborne photography; the use of drones (or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles—UAVs, Structure from Motion photogrammetry)
6. Active remote sensing (SAR and LiDAR)
7. Ground-based remote sensing (passive and active geophysical methods)
8. GNSS and GPS
9. Maps and geographic thinking
10. Geodesy and cartography: basic concepts
11. Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
12. GIS application in archaeology
13. How to decipher past landscapes ?
14. Case studies