1. Knowledge and comprehension:
1.1 to be acquainted with the most relevant events of the external linguistic history of Italian, from the Origins until the present, with special regard to the periods of the linguistic codification and the so-called "questione della lingua";
1.2 to know and comprehend the main phenomena of internal evolution of the Italian language, on an orthographic, phonological, morphological, lexical and syntactic level;
1.3 to comprehend the most important characteristics of the Italian language of politics, especially from the second half of the 20th century until present.
2. Capability of applying knowledge and comprehension:
2.1 to orientate oneself in the periodization of the history of Italian, by proving able to place the main protagonists (writers, grammarians, linguists, etc.) within the historical-geographical context they belong to;
2.2 to be able to contextualize linguistically a text in an Italian vernacular and in the Italian language, in any of its varieties;
2.3 to be able to analyze a political speech in Italian from a linguistic and stylistic perspective.
3. Judgement ability:
3.1 to be able to evaluate critically the different positions in the century-long debate known as "questione della lingua", by recognizing elements of continuity through time (such as Classicism, Florentinism, Anti-Florentinism, etc.);
3.2 to be able to judge the editorial choices concerning language.
4. Communicative abilities:
4.1 to be able to communicate the specific characteristics of the history of the Italian language, by connecting them with the political, social, literary and cultural history of Italy and Europe;
4.2 to make use of a convenient scientific terminology by analyzing texts, notably the texts read and commented upon in the classes.
5. Learning abilities:
5.1 to be able to study critically the reference texts, by hierarchizing information and allowing notions to interact mutually.