Academic year
2021/2022 Syllabus of previous years
Official course title
Course code
ET0017 (AF:359144 AR:188082)
On campus classes
ECTS credits
Surnames Lb-Z
Degree level
Bachelor's Degree Programme
Educational sector code
2nd Term
Course year
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The course contributes to the educational objectives of the the Bachelor's Degree Programme, which aims to provide the knowledge needed to critically analyze economic phenomena at various levels (macroeconomic, market, company), to know decision-making processes of economic organizations and to address entities’ economic problems. Therefore, these objectives require adequate knowledge to identify the economic and financial effects of an entity’s events, to record them with bookkeeping and to prepare the financial statements according to Italian regulation.
As students of the ECONOMIA E COMMERCIO - Bachelor's Degree Programme have to know and understand how entities implement their decision-making processes to face economic problems, at the end of this course students will know financial statements and the other tools to support decisions. Therefore, they are expected to know and understand:
- the economic and financial nature of an entity’s events;
- the method of double entry bookkeeping applied for the preparation of both balance sheet and income statement;
- the ways by which accounting records of daily transactions affect the preparation of financial statements;
- the adjusting entries to be recorded at the end of the accounting period in order to rectify and supplement the information described above (in the previous point). These adjustments permit the proper recognition of both income and equity at the end of such period;
- the main Italian regulatory framework to be considered for the proper evaluation of bookkeeping entries.

The students of the ECONOMIA E COMMERCIO - Bachelor's Degree Programme must be able to contextualize their knowledge and apply it to concrete situations through the analysis and processing of accounting data. At the end of this teaching course, the students will be able:
- to record the main accounting entries needed to prepare financial statements;
- to draw up the income statement and the final balance sheet considering the accounting data available from the opening balance sheet (at the beginning of the accounting period), the description of the transactions taking place during the accounting period, and the information needed to carry out the final adjustments.
Since this course provides basic knowledge about accounting bookkeeping and Italian financial statements, no previous knowledge is required. Students must have acquired only the general entity’s notions and the basic language about business processes, attending the first part of the course (Business Admistration - 1).
Logics and methods of accounting:
- cycle of operations: production operations and financing operations;
- double entry bookkeeping.

Recording of transactions during the accounting period:
- purchases of goods and services;
- employee costs;
- purchases of fixed assets;
- sales;
- shareholders’ equity transactions;
- financing and investments in financial assets.

Influence of management operations on income and capital.

Accounting regulation and standards.

Principles for the preparation of financial statements.

Adjusting and closing entries about:
- tangible and intangible assets;
- inventories;
- securities and investments;
- prepayments and accruals;
- cash and equivalent accounting items;
- provisions for risks and charges, severance indemnities and post-employment benefits;
- debts and other liabilities.

Contents of financial statements:
- format of financial statements;
- financial disclosure.
Economia Aziendale - 2. Aggiornato al Decreto Legislativo 139/2015, McGraw-Hill, 2019 o 2020

Recommended reading list:
- P. Andrei, A.M. Fellegara (a cura di), Contabilità generale e bilancio d'impresa, IV ed., Giappichelli, 2017
- R. Di Pietra, G. Ianniello, A. Paris, Il bilancio d'impresa, Cedam, 2017.
- L. Marchi (a cura di), Introduzione alla contabilità d'impresa, VI ed., Giappichelli, 2017.
The exam of Business Admistration covers both the first part (Business Admistration - 1) and the second part of the course (Business Admistration - 2). It consists of both a written test and an oral exam. Students must have passed the written test before taking the oral exam.
The written exam lasts 1 hour and 30 minutes and concerns the program of the second part of course (Business Admistration - 2). It requires the solution of two exercises:
a) the first exercise consists of recording of complex transactions according to both the journal entries and the T-accounts (ledger);
b) the second exercise consists of preparing the balance sheet and the income statement of a firm according to the following information: the opening balance sheet; a list of transactions during the accounting period; a list of adjusting entries at the end of the accounting period.

The oral exam is mainly relative to the program of the first part of the course (Business Administration - 1).

The final grade is based on the positive evaluations of both exams.
The course includes lectures during which the theoretical concepts will be explained, and several examples about accounting entries and preparation of financial statements will be offered.
The course is associated with tutorials that insist on the most applicative aspects of the program.
- The positive grade in the written test represents an essential condition for taking the following oral examination.

- REGISTRATION FOR EXAM. Online registration is COMPULSORY. In case of registration problems, students are required to contact the economic campus a reasonable number of days BEFORE deadline.

Accessibility, Disability and Inclusion
Accommodation and support services for students with disabilities and students with specific learning impairments
Ca’ Foscari abides by Italian Law (Law 17/1999; Law 170/2010) regarding support
services and accommodation available to students with disabilities. This includes students with
mobility, visual, hearing and other disabilities (Law 17/1999), and specific learning impairments (Law 170/2010). If you have a disability or impairment that requires accommodations (i.e., alternate testing, readers, note takers or interpreters) please contact the Disability and Accessibility Offices in Student Services:
Definitive programme.
Last update of the programme: 19/09/2021