Academic year
2022/2023 Syllabus of previous years
Official course title
Course code
EM3A05 (AF:376432 AR:208860)
On campus classes
ECTS credits
Degree level
Master's Degree Programme (DM270)
Educational sector code
2nd Term
Course year
Go to Moodle page
The course is included in the degree programs in Arts management, and it is aimed at providing a basic knowledge of international law and a specific knowledge of the international law related to the arts and the cultural heritage.
The purpose of this course is twofold:
1) to provide students with the legal language necessary to understand international legal provisions and measures;
2) to provide students with critical legal reasoning skills in order to better analyse current and complex phenomena related to international law for the arts.
1) Knowledge and understanding
Students shall demonstrate the ability to properly use the language of international law, as well as knowledge and understanding of the structure of international law for the arts and cultural heritage.

2) Applying knowledge and understanding
Students shall demonstrate the capacity to understand international legal provisions and measures, in order to elaborate legal reasonings as well as critical reflections on relevant arts and cultural heritage issues.

3) Making judgements
Students shall be able to express independent opinions on legal, economic and social issues involved in the field of international law.

4) Communication skills
Students shall demonstrate the ability to communicate information, ideas, problems and potential solutions in the field of international law to both specialist and non-specialist audiences.

5) Learning skills
Student shall demonstrate the ability to independently investigate controversial issues.
Basic knowledge of international law and private law.
- Basic principles of law;
- Basic principles of international law;
- Basic principles of private international law;
- Basic principles of legal protection of arts and cultural heritage;
- The role of private international law in the protection of arts and cultural heritage;
- Sale of artworks;
- Problems related to restitution of artworks.
Materials will be available on moodle.

For non attendant students:
a) materials available on moodle, and
b) "The Oxford Handbook of International Cultural Heritage Law", edited by Francesco Francioni and Ana Filipa Vrdoljak, Oxford University Press, 2020, only the following chapters:
- Intellectual Cooperation Organisation, Unesco, And The Culture Conventions
- Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage
- International Criminal Law and the Protection of Cultural Heritage
- World Cultural Heritage
- Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage
- Cultural Heritage and Human Rights
- Cultural Heritage and Intellectual Property
- Cultural Heritage and State Immunity
- Cultural Heritage and State Responsibility
Written exam. Students that pass the written part with a minimum score of 27/30 may undergo an additional oral examination.
Three open questions. Time: 1 hour and 30 mins.
The exam score is divided as follows:
9/30 first open question;
9/30 second open question;
12/30 resolution of a legal case.

A score of 30/30 cum laude will be assigned in case of excellent answers to the open questions.

Please check the Moodle for further information.

Oral exam for students that attend the course (further information will be provided during the first lesson).

The exam is aimed at demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the contents of the whole course.
In particular, the open question will verify the capacity of the student to support an argument and apply what studied in the book to current and problematic situations.

Only students registered through the University online platform can take the final exam.
Lecture and workshops aimed at discussing specific topics.

Students attending the course will be provided with some additional materials for reflection and discussion (for instance, judgments, resolutions, legal documents).
Students can contact the teacher via e-mail (

E-mail shall be written in a formal style. Emails shall not concern information already provided by the university websites; indeed, this kind of questions do not deserve any reply.

Office hours take place via Zoom on Monday from 3 pm to 4 pm. Students are kindly required to send an email in order to schedule an appointment.

Thesis supervision shall be asked in person during office hours. Only to students who have passed the exam with a grade equal to or greater than 26/30 will be supervised. The first draft of the thesis must be delivered to the teacher at least one month before the deadline for uploading the thesis.

Students with disabilities may contact the Disability and Accessibility Offices ( to benefit from specific services (i.e., alternate testing, readers, etc).
Definitive programme.
Last update of the programme: 30/08/2022