Academic year
2024/2025 Syllabus of previous years
Official course title
Course code
LT010S (AF:378823 AR:288712)
On campus classes
ECTS credits
Degree level
Bachelor's Degree Programme
Educational sector code
1st Semester
Course year
The teaching of the Modern Greek language is divided into levels (beginners, intermediate and advanced). The composition of the classes varies from year to year depending on enrolments, origin and participation of the students.

The course aims to introduce the main syntactic, morphological and phonological structures of the standard Greek language.
Course objectives: to develop language skills through a historical examination of the vernacular Greek, with particular reference to the question of language and the ideological use of the language in Greece.
The teaching focuses on the development of reflection skills on language, on active language learning, on the history of the language from ancient Greek to modern Greek through a specific dynamic learning path.
The course is open to students attending various courses of study.
1. Knowledge and understanding
Know and understand the grammatical, morphological and syntactic structures of modern Greek (basic communicative level A2-B1, B2);
Know and understand the historical dynamics that characterize the modern Greek language.

2. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
Ability to recognize the phenomena of continuity and interference that affect the language, from a historical-cultural perspective. Ability to express themselves correctly in oral and written form; ability to understand oral and written speech (basic, intermediate and advanced communication level).

3. Autonomy of judgment
Be able to develop the ability to evaluate the modern Greek language in the evolutionary context. Being able to perceive continuities and discontinuities. Being able to understand the different expressive registers.
To develop a critical capacity with respect to the historical and linguistic phenomena that affect the modern Greek language.

4. Communication skills
Being able to communicate in the language used today in modern Greece, using appropriate terminology.

5. Learning skills
Be able to develop specific methodological tools in the study of various linguistic phenomena; being able to take notes and share them collaboratively; be able to critically consult the reference texts and the bibliography contained therein; be able to use multimedia systems for active language learning.

The course aims to offer basic linguistic and historical-linguistic knowledge that can allow the student to understand an oral speech (level A1 / A2), express themselves orally at level A1 / A2, understand a written speech at level A2 / B1, produce a written speech at A2/B1 level. The course can also be enjoyed by Greek mother tongue students who will have the opportunity to actively follow the teaching of the Greek language as L2 for Italian speakers and to learn the mechanisms of teaching foreign languages. In addition to communication skills and the development of judgment skills, the course offers a historical-linguistic section within which the different evolutionary stages of the language are presented. This dimension is necessary for in-depth learning, from the first year, of the linguistic dynamics of Greek.
Attendance of the institutional course (and language exercises) and individual study will allow students to:
to know and understand the standard Greek language spoken and written in Greece today (language of administration and education since 1976) but also to distinguish the literary and documentary language of earlier ages; apply the acquired knowledge and understandings not exclusively for the purposes of first interpersonal communication but also in a historical-linguistic and sociolinguistic dimension necessary for the knowledge of the mental structure of Greek speakers; develop the ability to understand the different levels of the Greek language and its grammatical, syntactic and morphological mechanisms.
Strong motivation is required to learn a language spoken by only about 15 million people, but with an uninterrupted history of three thousand years.
It is not necessary to have previous and scholastic knowledge of ancient Greek.
Students from classical high school are "false beginners" and possess a basic passive knowledge that allows them to reach level A2 / B1 from the end of the first year of the course.
History of the Greek alphabet; the 'ancient Greek': dialects, geographical areas, diaspora, literary languages, epigraphic testimonies; the κοινή: Greek in the Roman Hellenistic age and the dimension of Greek as a vehicular language in the Mediterranean; Greek during the so-called Byzantine Millennium (330-1453); contamination with Latin and borrowings from Western languages; relations with the Slavic languages; Greek during the centuries of Venetian domination and Ottoman occupation; the question of language; the Greek language after the founding of the Kingdom of Greece; katharevusa and dimotikì; the Greek language during the twentieth century: some dates (1903, 1941, 1976, 1982). Greekenglish and new trends.

An in-depth study will be dedicated to the initial stages of the transition from κοινή to vulgar Greek (with particular attention to the function of the Greek language for the transmission of new religious and political-social thought in the first centuries from the III-IV century onwards).

Other insights will focus on:
1. first texts in Early Modern Greek
2. Venice, the Greek and the Greeks
3. Koraìs, Solomòs and Psicharis: reflections on language (between the end of the 18th and the end of the 19th century)
4. The teaching of Greek in Italy (1360-1860) and from the unification of Italy to today.
5. Modern Greek as L2
6. Greek words, Archaeoschool for the future, "Anche le pietre parlano"
Ιστορία της ελληνικής γλώσσας, ΜΙΕΤ, Αθήνα 1999,

- M. Vitti, Storia della letteratura neogreca, Cafoscarina, Venezia 2016

- Ταξίδι στην Ελλάδα 1, Νεα Ελληνικά για ξένους, Grigori, Αtene 2018
- Ταξίδι στην Ελλάδα 2, Νεα Ελληνικά για ξένους, Grigori, Αtene 2018

- D. Holton, P. Mackridge, I. Philippaki Warburton, Greek, an essential grammar of the modern language, Routledge, New York 2016 (II ed.)
- P. Mackridge, The modern Greek language: a descriptive analysis of standard modern Greek. Oxford: Clarendon press 1987
A. Georgakopoulou-M. Silk (eds), Standard Languages and Language Standards: Greek, Past and Present, Centre for Hellenic Studies, King's College London,Ashgate, 2009
- V. Rotolo, Scritti sulla lingua greca antica e moderna, Palermo 2009
- C. Carpinato-O. Tribulato (eds.), Storia e storie della lingua greca, ECF, Venezia 2014
- G, Ieranò, Le parole della nostra storia. Perché il greco ci riguarda, Feltrinelli/Marsilio, Venezia 2020
- P. Cesaretti-E. Minguzzi, Il Dizionarietto di greco. Le parole dei nostri pensieri, ELS La Scuola, Brescia 2017
- G. Della Rocca de Candal, P. Sachet, M. Zetti, Alpha Beta. Apprendere il greco in Italia (1360-1860), Scalpendi, Milano 2023

Greco moderno-italiano, italiano-greco moderno, Seconda edizione, Zanichelli, Bologna 2013, C. Candotti, A. Kolonia, Parliano greco, Dialoghi, esercizi e vocabolario del greco moderno, nuova edizione, Hoepli, Milano 2010; P. Mackridge, La dimensione italiana della questione linguistica greca, in Aspetti di linguistica e di dialettologia neogreca, Bonanno, Acireale-Roma 2010, pp. 113-123; P. Mackridge, Language and National Identity in Greece, 1766-1976, Oxford University Press 2009; M E. J. Bakker (ed.), A Companion to the Ancient Greek Language, Blackwell 2010, part VII, Beyond Antiquity, pp. 525-587; G. Horrocks, Greek: A History of the Language and its Speakers (revised and expanded 2nd edition), Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
Verification of the level of learning achieved is obtained through a written test and an oral test.
In particular, the student will present the theoretical knowledge acquired in oral form.

Read: correct reading test (a short text).
Writing: being able to write correctly orthographically, under dictation, a text containing vocabulary already acquired thanks to linguistic exercises. Compilation of simple grammar exercises in Greek and formulation of a short written text (a letter, a summary, a description ...).
Understanding oral speech: synthesis in Italian of a short text pronounced in New Greek containing vocabulary, grammatical and syntactic forms of medium-high level.
Formulate an oral speech: the student will answer in Italian to simple questions posed by the commission on topics covered in class, using the linguistic knowledge acquired.
Evaluation: grammar, morphology and syntax = evaluation of assimilation and precision in use; lexicon: consideration of the appropriate use of words; ability to manage speech (oral and written); ability to interact with the written text, in a conversation; fluent use of written and oral speech (correctly written and pronounced). Ability to organize a critical discourse in Italian using theoretical and cultural knowledge (i.e. the theoretical and historical contents of the discipline).
Evaluation scheme: insufficient; sufficient (18-22); mediocre (23-25); good (26-27); very good (28-29); excellent (30, 30 cum laude).
Each teaching unit follows the same criterion:
1. preparatory phase (problem solving): the topic is presented through a reference grid (what, where, when, who and how; proposed topic, history, environment, linguistic specificities).
2. operational phase (learning by doing) includes didactic activities (reading and analysis, translations, use of the IWB board) to develop skills starting from hidden, inherent and previous knowledge: it starts with the guided discovery of the basic vocabulary to identify the words within the proposed texts.
3. reconstructive phase: (reflective learning), in order to activate the dynamic collaboration of those who are learning the method, the language and the contents.
4. evaluation phase (evaluation): before moving on to the final exam phase (written and oral), students are invited during the course to take simple tests for the evaluation and self-assessment of what they have learned.
Tipi di traduzione
Traduzione del testo
Testo di origine
Approfondimenti specifici verteranno su:

1. primi testi in greco volgare (passi da Digenìs, Pulologos e romanzi in decapentasillabi)
2. Venezia e Creta fra la fine del XVI e gli inizi del XVII secolo: l'età di Vincentsos Kornaros e di Gavriil Seviros.
3. Koraìs, Solomòs e Psicharis: riflessioni sulla lingua (fra la fine del XVIII e la fine del XIX secolo)
4. Atene e Salonicco: la questione della lingua nel Novecento
5. Il greco moderno come L2

Lettura, analisi e traduzione di alcuni capitoli della Ιστορία της ελληνικής γλώσσας, ΜΙΕΤ, Αθήνα 1999,

I materiali delle lezioni (power point e bibliografia) saranno condivisi su piattaforma moodle.
2.923 / 5.000
Risultati della traduzione
It is necessary to attend the language exercises held by dr. Liosatou.

The course is annual: the lectures of prof. Carpinato takes place in the first semester but to take the exam you have to follow the entire cycle of language exercises.

ERASMUS exchanges are active (Athens, Corfu, Komotini).

There will be study meetings with other teachers and an in-depth study in English on History of the Greek Language: From the Hellenistic Koine to Modern Greek. Evolutionary stages of the Greek language after the Hellenistic Koine with examples from non-literary papyri of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD (pronunciation, morphology, syntax, vocabulary). There will also be a visit to the monuments of the Greeks of the diaspora in Venice.

The neo-Greek language modules for the three-year students aim to provide the basis for the knowledge of the historical-literary and cultural profile of modern Greece, from the first manifestations in the vernacular to the most recent testimonies of the neo-Greek language, within the historical context- geographical reference and the evolutionary peculiarities of the Greek language and culture (in a diachronic sense). The courses are integrated by the modules of neo-Greek literature (exercises, frontal and online lessons; teaching materials on Moodle) and by language exercises.

The courses intend:
• enhance the knowledge and skills of linguistic comprehension at post-secondary level and develop, thanks to the use of advanced textbooks, seminars and face-to-face and online lessons, the knowledge of the history of the Greek language and provide the basic language skills to be able to express themselves correctly in written and oral form and to understand written and oral speech (according to the different levels provided for by the Common European Framework of Reference);
• provide the ability to apply the knowledge acquired and the understanding of the historical-linguistic phenomena of Greek in the broader context of culture in the Greek language but also in the European context, in order to offer a dynamic approach and the adequate skills to conceive and support arguments ;
• stimulate the ability to identify connections with other sectors of linguistic and cultural skills;
• allow the development of the individual ability to collect, carry out activities in groups and interpret data useful for determining autonomous judgments, including reflection on social, scientific or ethical issues connected with Greece (in a diachronic cultural perspective), actively using the linguistic skills acquired;
• develop the ability to communicate (also in the new Greek language) information relating to modern Greek culture to specialist and non-specialist interlocutors;
• develop learning skills necessary to independently investigate aspects and problems of Greek literary production and to undertake subsequent studies.
written and oral

This subject deals with topics related to the macro-area "Human capital, health, education" and contributes to the achievement of one or more goals of U. N. Agenda for Sustainable Development

Definitive programme.
Last update of the programme: 06/03/2024