The teaching course is organized in three main macro-sections dedicated to specific groups of materials. Each macro-section firstly introduces the chemical-structural propertires of the materials in order to define the possible diagnostic targets. Then, the advanced analytical techniques suitable to respond to the corresponding diagnostic questions are explored from their principles to their application with the guidance of case-studies from the scientific literature. The specific contents of the main macro-sections are the following:
A) metallic materials: metals structure, alloys, microstructure of ancient metals, thermal treatments of metals, corrosion of metals, archaeometallurgy: elemental characterization by XRF, microstructural characterization by SEM-EDS, manostructural characterization by TEM, surface characterization by AFM, XPS and XRD, bulk elemental characterization by NAA and ICP-OES/MS;
B) glasses: glasses structure, glasses properties, glasses provenance by elemental and isotopic analysis
C) ceramics: structure and properties, pottery provenance, pottery mineralogical characterization by FTIR and Raman microscopy, pottery organic residues characterization by GC-MS and LC-MS.
The laboratory consists into a practical applicative case study focused on the multi-tecnique characterization of a metal artifact, and additional experiences on the analysis of glasses, metals and/or pottery by other techniques introduced troughout the theoretical part of the course. An extra section is also dedicated to the elaboration of the archeometric data obtained during the laboratory and other datasets from the literature, with introduction and application of multivariate analysis by using dedicated softwares.