Academic year
2023/2024 Syllabus of previous years
Official course title
Course code
FT0455 (AF:486902 AR:249991)
Blended (on campus and online classes)
ECTS credits
Degree level
Bachelor's Degree Programme
Educational sector code
1st Term
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This class is part of the archaeological curriculum of the BA degree in Conservation and Management of Cultural Heritage and Performing Arts and of the "ancient mediterranean" curriculum of the BA degree in History.

The course is organized in two parts of 30 hours each. If you are enrolled in the archaeological curriculum of the Cultural Heritage BA, you can follow both parts and sustain a 12-CFU exam. Otherwise, you can follow the first part only ("Phoenician-Punic Archaeology I") as a 6-CFU exam. If you are a foreign student, please contact the teacher for further information.
1. Knowledge and understanding (in outlines) of:
- Geography of the Levant and the Mediterranean
- Chronology of the ancient Levant
- sources and methods for the archaeology of the ancient Levant and the Phoenician world

2. Applying knowledge and understanding:
- you can identify ancient cities and major culturally significant geographic features on a map
- you can make an informed guess about datings of emblematic Levantine and/or Phoenician artefacts
- given a topic discussed in class, you can design a simple research strategy to address it

3. Making judgements
- you can formulate your own interpretative hypothesis for the classes of artefacts and sources discussed in class
- you can formulate your own critical opinion of the textbooks and articles read in class

4. Communication
- you learn to cooperate in groups to solve archaeological problems
- you exercise your ability to speak appropriately in front of an audience

5. Lifelong learning skills
- you can quickly scan a scientific article for essential information
- you can study texts written in a language different than your mother tongue
Active participation in class, homework and the reading of propedeutic texts are required. Command of scientific English is a prerequisite.
This class is conceived as an introduction to Phoenician-Punic Archeology and is divided into two parts.
The first part, corresponding to the lessons of the first period, is dedicated to the archeology of Lebanon from 1200 to 332 BC, the date of the conquest of Tyre by Alexander the Great. To facilitate the learning process of the participants, the lessons of the first part will follow the structure of the reference handbook (Bonnet et al. 2020), illustrating and deepening the most important aspects.
The second part, corresponding to the lessons of the second period, is dedicated to the Phoenician presence in the Western Mediterranean, with special attention to the symbolic value of the sea. In this second part, students will be invited to study individual case studies individually, presenting them in class.
Foreign-language students may choose to refer to the following literature:

Part I (Phoenician-Punic Archaeology I):
H. Sader, "The History and Archaeology of Phoenicia" (Atlanta 2019)

Part II (Phoenician-Punic Archaeology II):
G. Markoe, The Phoenicians. London: British Museum Press 2000.
The successful partecipant is required to show a proactive attitude in class activities, to take a written final exam and to present an oral presentation on a given topic.
Lectures, integrated by discussions and research activities in class. Partecipants are required to prepare recommended readings before the lecture, to engage in class activities, and to cement the learning outcome reading handbook chapters after each lecture.
Non attending students are kindly required to contact the teacher in advance to define a tailored study program
written and oral
Definitive programme.
Last update of the programme: 10/03/2023