|Arts and Sciences, Historicizing Boundaries 7th International Workshop on Historical Epistemology|
9-10 June 2022
|How many points are in a line segment? From Grosseteste to numerosities|
1 June 2022
In his commentary on Aristotle’s Physics, Robert Grosseteste (ca. 1175-1253), Oxford theologian and Chancellor of the University, wrote: “Moreover, [God] created everything by number, weight, and measure, and He is the first and most accurate Measurer. By infinite numbers which are finite to Him, he measured the lines which He created. By some infinite number which is fixed and finite to Him, He measured and numbered the one-cubit line; and by an infinite number twice that size, He measured the two-cubit line; and by an infinite number half that size, He measured the half-cubit line.” In Grosseteste’s account the numerosity of the points in a finite line segment covaries with the length of the line segment. This position gave rise to an interesting number of debates in the XIIIth century especially as a consequence of a challenge raised by the Oxford theologian Richard Fishacre (1205-1248) who set up a one to one correspondence between the points in line segments of different lengths. I will reconstruct some aspects of this medieval debate, connect it to later intuitions (Bolzano and Cantor), and then discuss recent results from the theory of numerosities to the effect that the counting of points in a line segment preserving the part-whole principle is compatible with Lebesgue measure. I conclude that Grosseteste’s intuitions can find a suitable mathematical implementation.
|Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576). New Perspectives on a Master of Intellectual Variety|
24-25 May 2022
- Styles and Method in the Early Modern and the Modern Period
11 April - 23 May 2022
This seminar explores the hypothesis that a distinctive link between style and ways of thinking was formed between the early modern and the modern periods – one that not only played a specific role in the emergence of philology as a model for knowledge but also in discussions of scientific method.
|Cartesianism and Beyond. Lectures on the History of Cartesianism and its Reception|
7 March-20 June 2022
This series of lectures, held by foremost experts on Cartesianism and its dissemination, explores the ways in which Descartes’s ideas developed and came at the crossroads with different philosophical and scientific paradigms in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Attention is paid in particular to the idea of pineal gland, the relations of soul and body, the practices of philosophical meditation, the idea of substance, and the theory of scientific knowledge.
|The CREMT Bookshelf|
31 January - 17 May 2022
“The CREMT bookshelf” is a series of presentations of recent books that have at their center problems or thinkers of the Early Modern period. In each event, the authors or the editors of the books will be present and their work will be discussed by specialists of the topic. All events are open to the public. The events will be held in English and/or Italian and will take place via Zoom.
Plants in Early Modern Knowledge: History, Philosophy, and Medicine – 2021-2022
The seminar aims to explore the studies of plants in the Renaissance and early modern period. While the reception of the classics renovated the attraction to the plants and the need to classify green nature, the arrival of specimens from the New World(s) brought questions about exotic nature, revealing the demand of a new approach to vegetation. Indeed, plants were at the centre of philosophical, medical, and naturalistic investigations. In the seminar, speakers will discuss a few case studies, shedding light on the different attempts to deal with plants in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Attendance is free, please send an email to email@example.com.
The event is realized with the support of the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 890770, "VegSciLif"
|Programme for winter 2021-2022|
2 December 2021 - 21 February 2022
|Oana Matei's presentation|
22 April 2021
|Antonio Clericuzio's presentation|
22 March 2021
|Programme for Spring 2021|
22 March - 9 June 2021
The CREMT Bookshelf – 2021
Prismi della Modernità. Itinerari di Storia della Filosofia dal XIV al XVIII secolo – November 2020-June 2021
November 2020 - June 2021
The seminar "Prismi della Modernità. Itinerari di Storia della Filosofia dal XIV al XVIII secolo" was born at the end of 2017 thanks to Emanuela Scribano and has been organized every year by Francesco Binotto, Maria Vittoria Comacchi, and Luigi Emilio Pischedda. "Prismi della Modernità" aims to foster research, discussions, and readings in the field of late Medieval, Renaissance and early modern philosophy and to contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the multifaceted nature of philosophy from the late medieval to the early modern period. "Prismi della Modernità" benefits from the expertise of both established and early-career guests, and of Ca’ Foscari University members and unite scholars from different research backgrounds and disciplines through an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approach. The central purpose of "Prismi della modernità" is to encourage the exchange of knowledge, ideas, and experiences between professors, researchers, students, and interested audiences. The seminar, structured in research and methodological meetings, also hosts book presentations, conferences, and workshops.
|Prismi 2020-2021 [ITA]|
5 November 2020 - 3 June 2021
|Prismi 2019-2020 [ITA]|
26 November 2019 - 3 June 2020
|Conference "Dissenso ed eterodossia nel pensiero ebraico" [ITA]|
28-29 March 2019
|Prismi 2018-2019 [ITA]|
25 October 2018 - 22 May 2019
|Conference "Galen and the Early Moderns"|
25-26 October 2018
|Prismi 2017-2018 [ITA]|
21 February - 5 June 2018
The Center for Renaissance and Early Modern Thought aims to foster research and academic cooperation intended to investigate the shaping of Renaissance and early modern thought in all its facets.
The Center promotes research able to uncover the multifaceted nature of Renaissance and early modern philosophical debates, their interconnections with other areas of the history of philosophy, ideas, political thought and science, and how their legacy might still affect today’s philosophical debates.
One of the Center’s mission is to build bridges between the humanities and sciences by promoting interdisciplinary research into the historical, philosophical, and social factors that govern the theory and practice of science.
The Center functions as a hub for junior and senior researchers interested in the history of Renaissance and early modern thought. It organizes workshops, conferences and talks on the topic. Through publications and other public dissemination it aims to deepen understanding of the philosophy of history and historiography.
History of philosophy: The Center aims to research one of the most innovative moments in Western philosophy, during which new philosophical theory were proposed, i.e. the period approximately spanned from the late 1400s to the end of the 18th century. The Center aims to investigate the relationship between the Renaissance philosophy and the main characters of modern philosophy, and to promote researches on less known but influential philosophers of this period.
History of science, medicine and technology: The Center aims to investigate the structure and history of the immensely rich discipline of natural philosophy in the Renaissance and early modern thought, describe its evolution in time, and capture the consequences of its eventual fragmentation into the modern scientific disciplines.
History of political thought: The Center aims to consider how new scholarship and interdisciplinary approaches have shaped our understanding and assessment of the history of political thought and the broader field of Renaissance and early modern intellectual history.
Classical tradition: The Center examines how cultures Renaissance and early modern thought have received Greek and Roman antiquity. It focuses on the creative use of the ancient Greco-Roman heritage in a broad range of scholarly endeavors. It explores the significance of classical influences on the shaping of modern mind connecting a wide range of interests in classics and ancient history and literary studies.
History of ideas/Intellectual history : The Center aims to foster research and teaching in intellectual history uniting researchers from the fields of art history, literary history, history of technology, history of philosophy, social history, and economic history as well as researchers in science studies in order to examine how knowledge has been displayed and systematized over the course of history and the role played by individual actors and values in this process.
History of academic institutions and universities: The Center focuses on study of every aspect of university, and more in general of academic environment, history development, structure, teaching, and research from the Middle Ages to the modern period.
The Center is embedded in the Department of Philosophy and Cultural Heritage .
The University and Venetian libraries and affiliates have superb collections for research in history of Renaissance and Early Modern thought. Holdings include a magnificent collection of incunabula and early printed works; one of Italy’s fullest and most varied collections of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century books and periodicals.
Mariangela Priarolo’s work focuses on the role that metaphysics has in relation to other domains of knowledge, such as theology, epistemology, natural sciences, and politics in early modern philosophy, especially in Nicolas Malebranche and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. Her recent and current research concerns Malebranche’s definition of reason and its connections with the affective dimension of human nature in understanding the moral life, the ‘biological’ theories of preformation in Malebranche and Pierre-Sylvain Régis and the place they have within mechanical conceptions of life, the extent and limits of Leibniz’s conception of toleration, and the debate on superstition and science which took place in France at the end of the seventeenth-century. She is also interested in the representation of the main features of modernity in post-human studies.
Marco Sgarbi is working on the first comprehensive analysis of works written on Aristotle in Italian between c. 1400 and c. 1650. During this period, around 250 works, including translations, commentaries, compendia, dialogues, poems, and other compositions, attempted to broaden people’s familiarity with the most systematic philosopher of antiquity. Although the movement to translate Aristotle into Italian was hugely significant and foreshadowed many of the features of early modern philosophy, it has barely been studied. His project, which brings together the strengths of research teams in Venice and Warwick, will thus offer the first in-depth exploration of this phenomenon. By taking into consideration the whole range of writings on Aristotle it will provide a more nuanced understanding of how philosophy was understood and practiced outside of the elite, Latin circles of universities and religious orders.
Ca' Foscari Members
Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero
Matteo works on the origins of the idea that thought depends (in various ways and to various extents) on language, on the intersections between views on human language faculty and the mind-body problem and on the early formulations of semantic compositionality. He studies early modern ontology, in particular mereology. Finally he investigates the early modern conceptions of life and death especially in the Leibnizian, post-Leibnizian, and anti-Leibnizian doctrines of immortality.
Craig Martin is working of two major book projects; the first is a monograph on the theories of wind during the early modern period. Wind powered early modern European exploration and expansion. During that period, knowledge of the wind transformed. As early as the first voyages to the New World, travelers sought to characterize and map recently discovered winds, integrating their observations with knowledge derived from natural philosophy, history, geography, mathematics, cosmography, the art of navigation, and medicine. His project will give an account of one of the earliest emergences of natural knowledge on a global scale.
Pietro Daniel Omodeo
Pietro Daniel works on the competing confessional discourses on cosmology of the seventeenth century, an epoch in which religious conflicts originated opposing ‘epistemic cultures’, which were embodied in scholarly institutions and networks such as the Protestant web of northern European universities or the global web of Jesuit colleges. His addresses the interrelations between 1) cosmological debates in the northern European Protestant institutional networks of scholars and institutions and 2) cosmological debates in Jesuit institutional networks aiming at 3) a comparative assessment of early formations and transformations of epistemic webs. He considers parallelisms and contrasts, negotiations and intersections of seventeenth-century cosmological discourses between scholars, institutions and scientific communities belonging to different epistemic cultures.
Philosophical Reviews in Early Modern Europe (1665-1789)
The project PREME aims to explore and catalogue from the perspective of the history of knowledge all philosophical reviews published in between 1665 and 1789, spanning from the founding moment of the two first philosophical journals – Philosophical Transactions and Journal des Sçavans – to the French Revolution, which is usually considered a turning point marking the end of literary experimentation and, conversely, the beginning of intellectual specialization and mass communication. The database is based on the census of more than 1.500 different journals and more than 10.000 issues. Albeit the high number of studies and research projects on the academic and scientific journals, scarce, if not any, attention has been given to the role of reviews in shaping the Republic of Letters and in determining the cultural milieu and the circulation of knowledge across countries. This database exploits existing digitised resources: for French-language journals, Le gazetier universel covers1600-1789 [FRA]; for Italian, Periodici e riviste preunitarie encompasses 1668-1861 [ITA], going beyond our end-date; for English, the main reference is Eighteenth Century Collections Online; for German, the Gelehrte Journale und Zeitungen als Netzwerke des Wissens im Zeitalter der Aufklärung spans the end of seventeenth century to the beginning of the nineteenth (https://gelehrte-journale.de/startseite [DEU]; http://idrz18.adw-goettingen.gwdg.de [DEU]; http://ds.ub.uni-bielefeld.de/viewer/collections/zeitschriftenderaufklaerung [DEU]).
The database is under completion and the entries are constantly under revision.