Guglielmo CINQUE

Docente emerito
041 234 5744
Sito web (scheda personale)
Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali Comparati
Sito web struttura:
Sede: Ca' Bembo

Guglielmo Cinque was born in La Spezia in 1948. He attended schools in Venice and the university (Classics and Modern Philology) in Padua, where he graduated in 1971. He then obtained an M.A. in Linguistics in 1973 from the University of California, Berkeley.

Academic career

He was lector of Italian at the University of Edinburgh (1971/72); grantee of a Fulbright fellowship (1972/73), spent at the University of California, Berkeley; "Research assistant" in the Department of Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley (September-December 1973); grantee of a fellowship at the University of Padua (1974). Military service (1975). Since 1976 he has held various positions at Ca’ Foscari University, Venice, first as adjunct and associate professor, and then as full professor, from 1981. He was Head of the Institute of Linguistics and Language Teaching (1986/87 - 1996/97), Head of the Language Center (1989/90-1994/95), President of the Corso di Laurea in Lingue e Letterature Straniere (1981/2 - 1986/87), Dean of the Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literatures (1999/2000- 2001/02), Chair of the Department of Language Sciences (2002/03-2007/08), and member of the Academic Senate from 1995/96 to 2007/08. From 2019 on he is Professor Emeritus.

Teaching and research activities:

In addition to undergraduate and graduate courses at Ca’ Foscari, he has been Chargé de Cours at the Université de Paris VIII-Vincennes (Spring 1982); Gastprofessor, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Wien (winter semester 1985/86); Professeur suppléant de linguistique at the Université de Genève (1988/1989); Visiting Professor at Harvard University (February-May 1998), at the University of California, Los Angeles (February-April 2003), Professeur at the Ecole Normale Supérieure, in Paris (Fall 2008), Francqui Chair at the University of Brussels (2010/2011), Visiting Professor at New York University (Spring 2014), Shaoul Fellow at the University of Tel Aviv (2015/2016), and Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Connecticut (Spring 2020). His research interests are: linguistic theory, syntax, Romance linguistics and linguistic typology. From 1997 to 2007 he was part of a project on the “Cartography of Syntactic Structures” funded by the Ministero dell'Università e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica, which included researchers from Ca’ Foscari and the Universities of Florence, Milan, Padua and Siena.

Scientific boards of journals, book series and societies:

He was co-director of the Rivista di Grammatica Generativa/Research in Generative Grammar (UniPress, Padua) (from 1976 to 2016); "Associate Editor" of the journal Linguistic Inquiry, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass. (from 1978 to 2008) ("European Editor", with Luigi Rizzi, of the same journal from 1982 to 1984); "Associate Editor" of the journals Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Springer (from 1987 to 1990), Journal of Linguistics, Cambridge University Press (from 1994 to 2006), Linguistic Typology, Mouton de Gruyter (from 2008 to 2013). He is currently member of the "Editorial Board" of the journals The Linguistic Review, Mouton de Gruyter (from 1981), Studia Linguistica, Oxford, Blackwell (from 1993), Studies in Chinese Linguistics (Institute of Chinese Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong) (from 2011), Language and Linguistics (Academia Sinica, Taiwan) (from 2011), Quaderni di Linguistica e Studi Orientali (Firenze University Press) (from 2015), and of the series Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Springer (from 1987), Linguistik Aktuell, J.Benjamins (from 1988), Linguistic Variation, Elsevier (from 1997), Language and Linguistics monographs (Academia Sinica, Taiwan) (from 2011), Language Faculty and Beyond, Benjamins (from 2012), Oxford Surveys in Syntax and Morphology, Oxford University Press (from 2006), Quaderni di Studi Orientali, Firenze University Press (from 2015), VenPalabras Estudios de lexicología española, Edizioni Ca' Foscari (from 2017). He was member of the Società di Linguistica Italiana, of the International Society for Linguistics – GLOW. He is Honorary Professor of the University of Bucarest (from 2006), honorary member of the Linguistic Society of America (from 2010), and was elected member of the Academia Europaea in 2012.

Selective publications:


1) Studi di sintassi e pragmatica. Padova: Clesp, 1979

2) Types of Ā‑Dependencies. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press, 1990

3) Teoria linguistica e sintassi italiana. Bologna: Il Mulino, 1991

4) Italian Syntax and Universal Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995

5) Adverbs and Functional Heads. A Cross-linguistic Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999

6) Restructuring and Functional Heads. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol.4. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006

7) The Syntax of Adjectives. A Comparative Study. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press, 2010

8) Typological Studies. Word Order and Relative Clauses. London: Routledge, 2013

9) The Syntax of Relative Clauses. A Unified Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020

10) On linearization. Toward a restrictive theory. Cambridge (Mass.): MIT Press, 2023



1) La semantica generativa. Torino: Boringhieri, 1979 (Editing and Introduction)

2) Constituent Structure. Papers from the XI Glow Conference (with A.Cardinaletti and G.Giusti), Dordrecht: Foris, 1988

3) Paths Towards Universal Grammar. Essays in Honor of R.S.Kayne (with J.Koster, J-Y.Pollock, L.Rizzi and R.Zanuttini), Washington (D.C.): Georgetown University Press, 1994

4) Advances in Roumanian Linguistics (Editing and Introduction with G.Giusti), Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1995

5) Italiano e dialetti nel tempo. Saggi di grammatica per Giulio C. Lepschy. Roma: Bulzoni, 1996 (with Paola Beninca', Tullio De Mauro, and Nigel Vincent)

6) Current Studies in Italian Syntax. Essays Offered to Lorenzo Renzi. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2001 (Editing and Foreword with Giampaolo Salvi)

7) Functional Structure in DP and IP. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol.1. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002

8) The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Syntax. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005 (with Richard S.Kayne)

9) Mapping Spatial PPs. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol.6. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press 2010 (with Luigi Rizzi)

10) On Peripheries. Exploring Clause Initial and Clause Final Positions. Tokyo: Hituzi Syobo Publishing. 2014 (with A.Cardinaletti and Y.Endo)



1) "The Shadow Pronoun Hypothesis and 'Chopping' Rules in Romance", in Linguistic Inquiry 6 (1) (1975), pp.140‑145

2) "Appropriateness Conditions for the Use of Passives and Impersonals in Italian", in Italian Linguistics 1 (1976), pp.11‑31

3)"The Movement Nature of Left Dislocation", in Linguistic Inquiry 8 (2) (1977), pp.397‑412

4) "Towards a Unified Treatment of Island Constraints", in Proceedings of the XII International Congress of Linguists. Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität (1978), pp.344‑348

5) "A Note on Keenan and Comrie's Primary Relativization Constraint and Structure Dependence", in Wiener Linguistische Gazette, 18 (1978), pp.3‑22

6) "Left Dislocation in Italian: a syntactic and pragmatic analysis" in Cahiers de Lexicologie, XXXIV (1979), pp.96‑127

7) "On Extraction from NP in Italian", in Journal of Italian Linguistics, 5 (1‑2) (1980), pp.47‑99

8) "On Keenan and Comrie's Primary Relativization Constraint", in Linguistic Inquiry, 12 (1981),pp.293‑308  

9) "On the Theory of Relative Clauses and Markedness", in The Linguistic Review, 1 (1981/2), pp.247‑294

10) "Topic Constructions in Some European Languages and 'Connectedness'", in K.Ehlich e H.van Riemsdijk (eds.) Connectedness in Sentence,Discourse and Text. Tilburg (1983), pp.7‑41

11) "Sobre la noción de operador en la estructura‑S", in V.Demonte and M.Fernández Lagunilla (eds.) Sintaxis de las lenguas románicas. Madrid: Ediciones el arquero (1987), pp.373-389

12) "On a Difference between German and Italian Wh‑extraction", in W.U.Dressler, C.Grassi, R.Rindler Schjerve, M.Stegu (hrsg.) Parallela 3 (Kontrastive Linguistik/Fachsprachen/Generative Syntax). Tübingen: G.Narr (1988), pp.217‑226

13) "On si Constructions and the Theory of Arb", in Linguistic Inquiry, 19 (1988), pp.521‑581

14) "Un etimo greco per il veneziano nòtaro", in Dialettologia e Varia Linguistica. Per Manlio Cortelazzo (a cura di Gianluigi Borgato e Alberto Zamboni). Padova, Unipress, pp. 45‑49 (1989)

15)"On Embedded Verb Second Clauses and Ergativity in German", in Complementation and the Lexicon. Studies in Honour of Wim de Geest. Foris: Dordrecht, (1989), pp.77‑96

16)"Parameter Setting in "Instantaneous" and Real‑time Acquisition", Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12.336 (1989)

17)"On a Difference between English and Italian 'Complement Object Deletion' Constructions", in J.Mascar & M.Nespor (eds.) Grammar in Progress. Glow Essays for Henk van Riemsdijk: Foris: Dordrecht, (1990), pp.85‑91

18)"Ergative Adjectives and the Lexicalist Hypothesis", in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 8 (1990), pp.1‑39

19)"Two Classes of Intransitive Adjectives in Italian", in G.Grewendorf and W.Sternefeld (hrsg.) Scrambling and Barriers. Amsterdam: Benjamins (1990), pp.261‑294

20) "Sur l'ambiguité structurale des verbes météorologiques en italien", in L. Tasmoswki  and A. Zribi‑Hertz (eds.) Hommage à Nicolas Ruwet. Ghent: Communication et Cognition, 1992, pp. 155‑162 (in collaboration with Paola Beninca’)

21)  "Su alcune differenze fra enclisi e proclisi" in Omaggio a Gianfranco Folena. Padova: Editoriale Programma, 1993, pp. 2313‑2326 (in collaboration with Paola Beninca’)

22) "A null theory of phrase and compound stress", in Linguistic Inquiry 24 (1993), pp.239‑97

23)"On the connections between Chomsky's work in linguistics and cognitive science, and his social views and attitudes.", in C.Otero (ed.) Noam Chomsky.Critical Assessments. Vol. III, tome II, London, Routledge (1994), pp.333-346

24) "On the Evidence for Partial N-movement in the Romance DP", in G.Cinque, J.Koster, J.-Y.Pollock, L.Rizzi and R.Zanuttini (eds.) Paths Towards Universal Grammar. Studies in Honor of Richard S. Kayne. Washington: Georgetown University Press, 1994, pp.85-110

25) "The Antisymmetric Programme: Theoretical and Typological Implications", Journal of Linguistics, 32 (1996), pp.447-464

26) "On the Relative Order of Certain "Lower" Adverbs in Italian and French", in A. Fassi Fehri (ed.) Linguistique comparée et langues au Maroc. Université Mohammed V, (Série Colloques et Séminaires, no. 51), Rabat, 1996, pp. 11-24

27) "'Long' Wh-Movements and Referentiality", in Robert Freidin (ed.) Current Issues in Comparative Grammar. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1996, pp.226-248

28) "Quantifiers", in Martin Maiden and Mair Parry (eds.) The Dialects of Italy. London: Routledge, 1997, pp. 186-189

29) "'Topic' Constructions in Some European Languages and 'Connectedness'", in Elena Anagnostopoulou, Henk van Riemsdijk and Frans Zwarts (eds.) Materials on Left Dislocation. Amsterdam, Benjamins, 1997, pp.93-118 (reprint of no.10).

30) "L'italiano", in Actas do XIX Congreso Internacional de Lingüística e Filoloxía Románicas. Sección I. Lingüística Teórica e Lingüística Sincrónica. Publicada por Ramón Lorenzo. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Fundación Pedro Barrié de la Maza, Conde de Fenosa. A Coruña, 1997, pp.1107-1114

31) "Wh-Movement", in R.Wilson and F.Keil (eds.) The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences. MIT Press, Cambridge (Mass.), 1999, pp.876-877

32) "Restructuring and the order of aspectual and root modal heads". In G. Cinque e G. Salvi (eds). Current Studies in Italian Syntax. Essays Offered to Lorenzo Renzi. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2001, pp. 137-155

33) "The status of "Mobile"Suffixes". In W. Bisang (ed.) Aspects of Typology and Universals. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2001, pp. 13-19

34) "A Note on Mood, Modality, Tense and Aspect Affixes in Turkish". In E. Erguvanli Taylan (ed.) The verb in Turkish. Amsterdam: Benjamins, 2001, pp. 47-59

35) “Mapping Functional Structure”, in Functional Structure in DP and IP. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol.1. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, pp. 3-11

36) "A Note on Restructuring and Quantifier Climbing in French", in Linguistic Inquiry 33 (4), 2002, pp. 617-636

37) "The Interaction of Passive, Causative, and Restructuring in Romance". In C. Tortora (ed.) The Syntax of Italian Dialects. New York: Oxford University Press, (2003), pp. 50-66

38) “Greenberg’s Universal 20 and the Semitic DP”, in Lars-Olof Delsing, Cecilia Falk, Gunlög Josefsson, and Halldór Á. Sigurðsson (eds.) Grammatik i fokus / Grammar in Focus. Festschrift for Christer Platzack 18 November 2003, Vol II:  Lund: University of Lund (2003), pp. 243-251.

39) “Restructuring and Functional Structure”, in A. Belletti (ed.)  Structures and Beyond. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol. 3. New York: Oxford University Press, (2004), pp.132-191

40) “Issues in adverbial syntax”, Lingua 114 (2004), pp.683-710

41) “A Phrasal Movement Analysis of the Romanian DP”, in A.Minuţ & E.Munteanu (eds.) Studia Linguistica et Philologica in honorem D.Irimia. Editura Universităţii “A.I.Cuza”, Iaşi, (2004), pp.129-142

42) “A note on verb/object order and head/relative clause order”, in M.Vulchanova and T.A. Åfarli (eds.) Grammar and Beyond. Essays in honour of Lars Hellan. Oslo: Novus Press, (2005), pp. 69-89

43) “Deriving Greenberg’s Universal 20 and Its Exceptions” in Linguistic Inquiry 36 (2005), pp.315-332

44) "Two Asymmetries between Clitic Left and Clitic Right Dislocation in Bulgarian", in H.Broekhuis, N.Corver, R.Huybregts, U.Kleinhenz, J.Koster (eds.) Organizing Grammar. Linguistic Studies in Honor of Henk van Riemsdijk. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, (2005), pp.359-364 (with Iliyana Krapova)

45) “On the order of clausal functional heads”, in R.Freidin and H.Lasnik (eds.) Syntax. Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Vol.1. London: Routledge, (2006) pp.274-324

46) “Are all languages ‘Numeral Classifier Languages’?” Rivista di grammatica generativa 31.119-122 (2006)

47) “A note on linguistic theory and typology” Linguistic Typology 11.93-106 (2007)

48) “A Note on Bulgarian Numeral Classifiers”, in G.Alboiu, A.A.Avram, L.Avram, D.Isac (eds.) Pitar Moş: A Building With a View. Papers in Honour of Alexandra Cornilescu. Bucharest: Editura Universităţii din Bucureşti, (2007), pp.45-51 (with Iliyana Krapova)

49) “On the Order of wh-Phrases in Bulgarian Multiple wh-Fronting”, in G.Zybatow et al. (eds.). Formal Description of Slavic Languages: the Fifth Conference. Leipzig 2003. Peter Lang: Frankfurt am Main (2008), pp.318-336  (with Iliyana Krapova)

50) “Two types of non-restrictive relatives”, in O.Bonami and P.Cabredo Hofherr (eds.) Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 7. Paris (2008), pp. 99–137. (

51) “Clitic reduplication constructions in Bulgarian”, in D.Kallulli and L.Tasmowski (eds.) Clitic Doubling in the Balkan Languages. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2008), pp. 257-287 (with Iliyana Krapova)

52) “The Fundamental Left-Right Asymmetry of Natural Languages”. In S.Scalise, E.Magni, A.Bisetto, eds., Universals of Language Today. Dordrecht: Springer (2009), pp. 165-184.

53) “ The two “possessor raising” constructions of Bulgarian”, in S.Franks, V.Chidambaram, and B.Joseph (eds.) A Linguist’s Linguist. Studies in South Slavic Linguistics in Honor of E.Wayles Browne. Bloomington, IN: Slavica, (2009), pp.123-148 (with Iliyana Krapova).

54) “Five Notes on Correlatives”. In R.Mohanty and M.Menon (eds.) Universals and Variation. Proceedings of Glow in Asia VII 2009. EFL University Press: Hyderabad (2009), pp.1-20

55) “The Cartography of Syntactic Structures”. In B.Heine and H.Narrog (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press (2010), pp. 51-65 (with Luigi Rizzi).

56) “On a selective “violation” of the Complex NP Constraint”, in Zwart, Jan-Wouter and Mark de Vries (eds.) Structure Preserved. Studies in syntax for Jan Koster. Amsterdam: Benjamins (2010), pp. 81-90

57) “Mapping Spatial PPs: an introduction”, in G.Cinque and L.Rizzi (eds.) Mapping Spatial PPs. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol.6. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press (2010), pp.3-25

58) “Greenberg’s Universal 23 and SVO Languages”, in M.Frascarelli (ed.) Structures and Meanings: Cross-theoretical perspectives. 75-80. Paris/Roma: L’Harmattan (2011)

59) “On double-headed relative clauses” Linguística. Revista de Estudos Linguísticos da Universidade do Porto. 6.67-91 (2011)

60) “A generalization concerning DP-internal ellipsis” Iberia. An International Journal of Theoretical Linguistics. vol 4.(1.)174-193 (2012)

61) “Cognition, Universal Grammar, and typological generalizations” Lingua 130.50-65 (2013)

62) “Word Order Typology. A Change of Perspective”, in Biberauer, T. M. Sheehan, eds., Theoretical Approaches to Disharmonic Word Orders. 47-73. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (2013)

63) “The case for Genitive Case in Bulgarian” in L.Schürcks, A.Giannakidou, U.Etxeberria (eds.) The Nominal Structure in Slavic and Beyond. 237-274. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (2013) (with Iliyana Krapova)

64) “Extraction from DP in Italian revisited” in E.O.Aboh, M.T.Guasti and I.Roberts (eds.) Locality. 86-103. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press. (2014)

65)  “The semantic classification of adjectives. A view from syntax”. Studies in Chinese Linguistics 35. (1) 3-32 (2014)

66) “Kind-defining relative clauses in the diachrony of Italian”, in P.Benincà, A.Ledgeway and N.Vincent (eds.) Diachrony and Dialects: Grammatical Change in the Dialects of Italy. 257-278. Oxford: Oxford University Press (with Paola Benincà) (2014)

67) “Again on Tense, Aspect, Mood Morpheme Order and the ‘Mirror Principle’”, in P.Svenonius (ed.) Functional Structure from Top to Toe. The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, vol.9. 232-265. New York: Oxford University Press (2014).

68) “DP and CP: a Relativized Minimality approach to one of their non parallelisms”, in Travaux du 19ème CIL Congrès International des Linguistes, Genève: Département de Linguistique de l’Université de Genève,  pp. 1-25 (with Iliyana Krapova) (2014)

69) “Three phenomena discriminating between “raising” and “matching” relative clauses”. Semantics-Syntax Interface 2(1):1–27 (2015)

70) “A source of parametric variation in the lexicon”. In A.Gallego and C.Potts (eds.) 50 Years Later: Reflections on Chomsky’s Aspects (MIT Working Papers in Linguistics). (2015)

71)  “Diminutive, endearing, augmentative and pejorative heads in the extended nominal projection”. In Di Domenico, E., C. Hamann and S. Matteini (eds.) Structures, Strategies and Beyond. Studies in Honour of Adriana Belletti. Pp. 67-81. Amsterdam: Benjamins  (2015)

72) “A note on ‘other’”. In E.Brandner, A.Czypionka, C.Freitag and A.Trotzke, eds., Charting the Landscape of Linguistics. Webschrift for Josef Bayer. 22-27. Konstanz: Universität Konstanz. (2015)

73) “Functional Categories and Syntactic Theory” Annual Review of Linguistics 2. 2:15.1–15.25 (2016) (with Luigi Rizzi)

74) “A source of parametric variation in the lexicon”. Linguistica 56.1.83-92 (2016)  

75) “On Noun Clausal “Complements” and their Non-unitary Nature” Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie Occidentale. 50.77-107 (2016) (with Iliyana Krapova)

76) “On a difference between Italian, and French and English present participle relatives” In C.Mayr and E.Williams, eds., Festschrift für Martin Prinzhorn. Wiener Linguistische Gazette 82:37-50  Universität Wien, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft. (2017)

77) “On the status of functional categories (heads and phrases)” Language and Linguistics 18.4.521-576 (2017)

78) "A note on Romance and Germanic past participle relative clauses” In H.Quinn, D.Massam, and L. Matthewson, eds., Linguistic travels in time and space: Festschrift for Liz Pearce. Wellington Working Papers in Linguistics 23:19-28 Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand. (2017)

79) “A Microparametric Approach to the Head-Initial/Head-Final Parameter”. Linguistic Analysis 41 (3-4). 309-366 (S.Karimi and M.Piattelli-Palmarini, eds., Parameters) (2017)

80) “On the Merge position of additive and associative plurals” In R. Petrosino, P. Cerrone and H.van der Hulst, eds., From Sounds to Structures. Beyond the Veil of Maya. 495-509. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (2018)

81) “Notes on infinitival relatives in Italian”. In Mirko Grimaldi, Rosangela Lai, Ludovico Franco and Benedetta Baldi (eds.) Structuring Variation in Romance Linguistics and Beyond. In honour of Leonardo M. Savoia. 73-84. Amsterdam: Benjamins. (with Paola Benincà) (2018)

82) “Genitive/Dative Case puzzles in the Bulgarian DP”. In Steven L. Franks, Vrinda Chidambaram, Brian D. Joseph, and Iliyana Krapova, eds., Katerino Mome: Studies in Bulgarian Morphosyntax in Honor of Catherine Rudin. Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers, pp.131–64. (with Iliyana Krapova) (2018)

83) “Universal Constraints on Balkanisms. A Case Study: the absence of Clitic Climbing” in B.Joseph and I.Krapova, eds., Balkan Syntax and (Universal) principles of Grammar. 151-191. Berlin: de Gruyter (with Iliyana Krapova) (2019)

84)  “A Note on Relative Clauses with Split Antecedents”. In Metin Bağrıaçık, Anne Breitbarth, and Karen De Clercq, eds., Mapping linguistic data. Essays in honour of Liliane Haegeman. 75-81. Ghent: Ghent University. (2019)

85) “The different Merge positions of the different types of relative clauses”. In Ken Ramshøj Christensen, Henrik Jørgensen and Johanna L. Wood, eds., The sign of the V – Papers in Honour of Sten Vikner, pp.131-147, Dept. of English, School of Communication & Culture, Aarhus University. (2019) doi:10.7146/aul.348.93.

86) “Preliminary notes on the Merge position of deictic, anaphoric, distal and proximal demonstratives”. In András Bárány, Theresa Biberauer, Jamie Douglas & Sten Vikner, eds., Syntactic architecture and its consequences II: Between syntax and morphology, 491–503. Berlin: Language Science Press. (2020)

87) “On the double-headed analysis of “Headless” relative clauses”. In L. Franco and P. Lorusso (eds.), Linguistic Variation: Structure and Interpretation. 169-196. Berlin: De Gruyter. (2020)

88) “On Two Sub-projections of the Nominal Extended Projection: Some Romance Evidence.”  Probus 34 (1) 55-75 (2022)

89) “A comparative look at Chinese relative clauses” in Dun Deng, ed., Tsinghua Linguistics. Beijing: The Commercial Press (2022), pp.105-119

90) “The Linguistic Expression of Precise vs. Vague Location.” In G.Alboiu, Daniela Isac, Alexandru Nicolae, Mihaela Tănase-Dogaru, and Alina Tigău eds., A Life in Linguistics: A Festschrift for Alexandra Cornilescu on her 75th birthday. 131-134. București : Editura Universității din București. (2022)